Defence Current Affairs - 2019

Defence Current Affairs of 2018-19 related to India’s Defence, Indian Armed Forces, Defence Production, Defence Acquisition and related matters for SSC, States Civils, UPSC and Other Competitive Examinations.

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KAZIND-2019: lndo-Kazakhstan Joint Military Exercise to be held in Uttarakhand

A joint military exercise between India and Kazakhstan named KAZIND-2019 is scheduled to be held in Pithoragarh district, Uttarkhand from 3-15 October 2019. The exercise focuses mainly on counter terrorism operation.

About KAZIND-2019

Objective: To conduct company level joint training between India and Kazakhstan with emphasis on counter terrorism operation in mountainous terrain.

The KAZIND-2019 is the fourth edition of the annual event. The joint military exercise is conducted alternatively in Kazakhstan and India every year.

The 13-day exercise will be held in mountainous terrain of Pithoragarh with about 100 soldiers from both Indian and Kazakhstan armies participating.

During the 2019 edition of exercise, aspects of emerging trends of global terrorism and hybrid warfare have also been included. Also both countries will share with each other their experiences of counter insurgency and counter terrorism operations.

Significance

In the series of military training exercises undertaken by India with various countries, the KAZIND exercise with Kazakhstan is crucial in terms of security challenges faced by the two nations amid changing trends in global terrorism. Also, this joint military exercise will enhance the level of defence cooperation further fostering bilateral relations between the two nations.

Malabar Exercise 2019: India, Japan, US Naval Exercise begins

The Malabar Exercise 2019, the trilateral maritime exercise between navies of India, Japan and the US began off the coast of Japan. The year 2019 is the 23rd edition of Malabar Exercise.

Key Highlights

Indian Navy: Two frontline indigenously designed and built Indian naval ships participating in exercise are- INS Sahyadri, a multi-purpose guided-missile frigate and INS Kiltan, a ASW (anti-submarine warfare) Corvette. In addition to ships, a P8I (Poseidon Eight India) Long Range Maritime Patrol Aircraft has also reached Japan for the exercise.

The US Navy: It is being represented by USS McCampbell (DDG-85), a Los Angeles-Class Attack Submarine, and a ‘P8A‘ Long Range Maritime Patrol Aircraft.

Japan Navy: known as The Japan Maritime Self-Defence Force (JMSDF). It is participating with its JS Kaga, a Izumo class helicopter destroyer, JS Samidare and Choukai, a guided-missile destroyers and a ‘P1’ Long Range Maritime Patrol Aircraft.

During the harbour phase, the three partner navies would conduct sports fixtures, official protocol visits, reciprocal ship visits, professional interactions in subject matter expert exchanges (SMEE) and social events.

Significance

Malabar 2019 exercise seeks to further strengthen India-Japan-US naval cooperation and enhance interoperability, based on shared values and principles. The exercise involves complex maritime operations in surface, sub-surface and air domains. It also focuses on maritime interdiction operations (MIO), anti-submarine warfare (ASW), anti-air and anti-surface firings. Apart from these it also includes visit board search and seizure (VBSS) and tactical scenario-based exercise at sea.

Thus the participation of Indian naval ships and aircraft in the trilateral exercise would significantly bolster strong maritime bonds of friendship between three participant countries and at the same time it would contribute towards security and stability in region.