Defence & Security Current Affairs - 2019

Defence Current Affairs of 2018-19 related to India’s Defence, Indian Armed Forces, Defence Production, Defence Acquisition and related matters for SSC, States Civils, UPSC and Other Competitive Examinations.

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Ponung Doming – First woman officer from Arunachal Pradesh to become Lieutenant Colonel In Indian Army

Ponung Doming is the first lady officer from Arunachal Pradesh in the Indian army to be elevated to the rank of Lieutenant colonel.

She was commissioned into the Indian army as Lieutenant in 2008. She is currently posted in Pune, Maharashtra. Doming had completed her graduation in civil engineering. She served the UN Peace keeping force in Congo in 2014.

Women in Indian Armed forces

Women in armed forces were recruited only in the officer’s rank till 2018. The Indian army for the first time issued notification in 2019 inviting female applicants for the position of Soldier General Duty, personnel below officer rank. There are around 3.8% of women officers in the army. Navy has 6% of women officers and air force has 13% of women officers.

Punita Arora was the first woman officer to become Lieutenant General in the Indian armed forces. She had won 15 medals in her 36 years of services in the Indian armed forces. She was from Punjab.

In India, females are not allowed to serve in combat units like armored corps, infantry and Mechanised infantry. The role of women in Indian army began in 1888 when the British Raj began Indian Military Nursing Service. It was only in 1992, the Indian army began inducting women in non – medical roles. Later in 2007, the UN first all female peace keeping force was deployed to Liberia by India. This was first of its kind not only in India but through out the world!

Tiger Triumph: India-US joint tri-services exercise to be held in Andhra Pradesh

India and the United States are set to hold their first tri-services exercise code-named as ‘Tiger Triumph’ at Visakhapatnam and Kakinada in Andhra Pradesh. It is scheduled to be held in November 2019.

This will be only 2nd time that India will deploy assets and manpower from its Army, Navy and Air Force together for an exercise with a foreign country. India had earlier conducted similar tri-service exercise ‘Indra wargames’ with Russia at Vladivostok in 2017.

Tiger Triumph: India-US tri-services Exercise

This first-ever tri-Service exercise between India and US will focus on large-scale amphibious Humanitarian Relief and Disaster Relief (HADR) operations. It will be held along eastern coast in Bay of Bengal.

It is being organised under the aegis of headquarters of Integrated Defence Staff.

The announcement in this regard was made by US President Donald Trump in Houston during the ‘Howdy, Modi!’ event.

The scheduled exercise highlights strong and growing bilateral defence ties between India and America.

Background

The announcement about the tri-services exercise comes after Final Planning Conference (FPC) for India-US Tri-Services Humanitarian Aid and Disaster Relief (HADR) concluded at Headquarters Eastern Naval Command on 20 September 2019. The conference was attended by delegates from US Navy and Marine Corps and representatives from Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force.

During the conference, participants had a discussion on planning of exercise and interactions on issues related to the conduct of exercise. Both teams from US and India also visited campsite at Kakinada and conducted table-top exercises as preparatory activities.

NOTE:

Every Year, India and the US, hold a flurry of combat exercises namely-

  1. Naval Malabar (with Japan as 3rd participant)
  2. Counter-terror Vajra Prahar
  3. Yudh Abhyas drills between India-US armies.

As of now, India and the US have conducted defence hardware trade around $18 billion over last 10 years and many more defence deals are still in the pipeline.