Reports & Indices Current Affairs - 2019

This category comprises Current Affairs 2019-2020 related to various reports and indexes / indices by National and International Bodies and organizations such as World, Bank, World Economic Forum, NITI Aayog and various other educational and research organizations. We also place report highlights of various committees and commissions in this category.

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FSSAI: Processed milk samples fail to meet quality norms

According to the FSSAI (Food Safety and Standard Authority of India), 37.7% of samples tested failed to meet the quality norms. This was mainly because, the presence of contaminants like sugar, Maltodextrin and fats were above permissible limits. The study noted that processed milk including that of major brands failed to meet the prescribed quality norms. Around 10.4% of the samples were non-compliant.

Highlights of the study

  • Milk samples from Telangana followed by Madhya Pradesh and Kerala accounted for the highest number of cases of adulteration
  • Around 6,432 samples were collected from 1,103 towns and cities. The collection process was done between May 2018 and October 2018. Of the collected samples, 40.5% of the samples were processed milk and the rest were raw milk.
  • The problem of Aflatoxin-M1 is more dominant in processed milk than that of raw milk. Tamil Nadu, Delhi and Kerala were the top states where the residue was found maximum. Aflatoxin-M1 present in milk comes from feed and fodder. It is currently not regulated in the country. A detailed survey of the presence of the residue is being done for the first time in the country. There are no labs in the country to test the residue.

India is the largest producer of milk. The annual milk production of the country is 176.35 million tons (according to 2017-18 data).

A new scheme of “Testing and Inspection” was launched, which the diary units have to comply with by January 1, 2020.

Karnataka tops NITI Aayog’s India Innovation Index

As per the India Innovation Index (III) 2019 released by NITI Aayog, Karnataka emerged as the Most Innovative State among Major States. The index was released by NITI Aayog’s vice chairman Rajiv Kumar and CEO Amitabh Kant.

The India Innovation Index (III) 2019 was released by NITI Aayog along with Institute for Competitiveness as its knowledge partner. The index has been developed into lines of Global Innovation Index (GII). This is the first-ever India Innovation Index released by NITI (National Institution for Transforming India) Aayog, a policy think tank of Indian Government.

Key Findings of Index

Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Telangana and Haryana secured 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th position respectively in innovation, followed by Kerala, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh.

In the list of 17 major states, Chattisgarh, Bihar and Jharkhand are at bottom of the index with Jharkhand finishing last.

Among North-Eastern & Hill States, Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand have occupied the top spot of Most Innovative State in index while among Union Territories Delhi, Chandigarh and Goa have topped the list.

About India Innovation Index (III)

The idea behind index is to analyse innovation at state level and promote competitiveness among the states. It seeks to move states from competitive populism to competitive good governance. The innovation index will also help to pursue interventions that play an important role in developing cooperative and competitive federalism.

It ranks the states based on their innovation capability, opportunities and challenges that lie for states and actions needed by policy makers to foster innovation.

The Index is based on seven pillars which include 5 enablers and 2 performance indicators such as human capital, knowledge workers, investment and knowledge output. It has been developed over a period of last 18 months.