States Current Affairs - 2019

Current Affairs 2019-2020 of all States with latest updates. Current Affairs will list latest developments, issues in all states and may be useful for State PCS / Civil services examinations of various states of India.

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West Bengal govt. to set up Kanyashree University in Nadia district to empower girls

The state government of West Bengal is setting up Kanyashree University in Nadia district and Kanyashree colleges across the state so as to empower girls. The Kanyashree university would be only for women.

Earlier in January 2019, the West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee laid the foundation stone of new Kanyashree university at Krishnagar in Nadia district.

About Kanyashree scheme

Background: The Kanyashree scheme was started by state government to empower girls in 2013. In 2017, the Kanyashree scheme won the first prize in UN award and the state government was awarded by United Nations for Public Service for its Kanyashree scheme. So far the scheme has been allocated a budget of Rs 7,000 crore and has empowered over 60 lakh girl students.

Objective:

  • To ensure that girls study in schools and delay their marriages until they attain 18 years of age.
  • To empower girls from school to university level so that they can become independent women.
  • To improve the status and well-being of girls, particularly those from socio- economically disadvantaged families through conditional cash transfers.

Cash transfer components of Scheme

An annual incentive of Rs.750 is given to girls in age group 13 to 18 years and studying in Class 8 for every year till they continue their education, the only condition being that they are unmarried at the time.

One-time grant of Rs.25,000 is also given to girls once they attain 18 years of age, provided they are engaged in an academic/occupational pursuit and unmarried.

Rapid spread of Dengue fever in Telangana

In the last 10 days, around 1,700 cases of Dengue were reported in multiple districts of Telangana. The state received rains for few days that washed away the mosquito larvae collected in dumps and stagnant water.

Causes

Changes in rainfall pattern, rise in humidity level and long spell of warmer temperatures are the main reasons for the recent outspread of Dengue in Telangana. The state is urbanizing at a faster rate after the partition, the construction projects like Amaravati (the capital city being built) have increased. The state Government estimates over 50% of the Telangana population will reside in urban areas by 2023

With unplanned construction projects dumping of discarded objects and stagnation of water have made Telangana conducive for spread of dengue and Chikungunya.

What is Dengue?

Dengue is a vector borne disease transmitted by female Aedes mosquito according to WHO. It is caused by the Dengue virus that belongs to the Flavivirus.

Strains of Dengue

There are 4 strains of Dengue namely DEN – 1, DEN – 2, DEN – 3, DEN – 4. When a person becomes infected with one strain and treated, he becomes immune to that particular strain of virus. However, there are possibilities for him to get infected by other strains.

Occurrence

The virus is present in India, south east Asia, China, South America, Africa, Pacific Islands, Mexico and Caribbean. At the rest of the world, Dengue has been eliminated.

Measures of India to control Dengue

  • The disease is monitored, controlled and treated under the program National Vector Borne Disease Control Program. The program covers the following
    • National Anti-Malaria program
    • Japanese Encephalitis Control Program
    • Kala – Azar Control Program
    • National Filaria Control Program
    • Dengue and Dengue Hemorrhagic fever
  • National Dengue Day is observed on May 16 every year by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.