Current Affairs – March, 2019

Latest Current Affairs March, 2019 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of March, 2019 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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Lancet Study on TB

Medical Journal Lancet had undertaken a study on Tuberculosis (TB) in three high-burden countries, including India. The findings of the burden of TB in India are:

  • India’s goal to end the epidemic by 2025 was too “ambitious” and “unrealistic”, Hence unattainable.
  • 57% reduction in incidence and 72% reduction in mortality will been seen only by 2035 and strengthening the care cascade could reduce cumulative TB incidence by 38% in the case of India.
  • India needs to adopt measures to prevent TB commensurate with the population levels to eliminate the disease in the coming decades.
  • India needs to improve diagnosis and treatment for drug-sensitive and drug-resistant TB.
  • Lives of eight million (28%) people with TB can be saved over the next 30 years if tests are subsidised and patients are supported to complete the treatment.
  • For this subsidised and complete care, India requires an extra $290 million each year. This is significantly less than $32 billion losses which India incurs associated with TB mortality each year.
  • India needs to scale up access to TB services for all those seeking them, optimise engagement of private sector providers and guarantee universal access to drug susceptibility testing and second-line TB drugs.
  • Integration of TB services with the primary health system to reduce diagnostic delays is not happening.
  • The majority of MDR-TB cases in India due to direct transmission. Early diagnosis and prompt initiation of effective treatment should be a high priority for India to curb MDR-TB transmission since only 14% of people with MDR-TB completed treatment and just 11% remained disease-free at the end of one year.

India’s TB Burden

India accounted for 27% of the 10 million people, who had developed TB in 2017. Also, India accounted for 32% of global TB deaths among HIV-negative people, and 27% of combined TB deaths in 2017. The high out-of-pocket expenses incurred during TB treatment keeps people in poverty for seven years after completing treatment as stated by the Union Health Minister.

World Water Day 2019

World Water Day 2019 was observed on 22 March with the theme  ‘Leaving no one behind’. The World Water Day 2019 encourages people to focus towards marginalized groups as these are often overlooked and discriminated against when they try to access safe water.

The theme ‘Leaving no one behind’ underscores the motto of ‘water for all’ which aims to ensure all including elderly, disabled, marginalized and poor people get access to clean drinking water and proper sanitation, as enshrined under Sustainable Development Goals.

World Water Day

World Water Day aims to draw attention to the importance of freshwater and advocates for the sustainable management of freshwater resources. As requested at the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro, the United Nations General Assembly designated 22 March World Water Day by passing a resolution. World Water Day celebrates water and each year World Water Day highlights a specific aspect of freshwater.

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