Current Affairs - December, 2018

Latest Current Affairs December, 2018 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of December, 2018 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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Government bans Khalistan Liberation Force

The government has banned Khalistan Liberation Force (KLF) under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA) for its involvement in several killings, bombings and other terror activities during its violent campaign for the secession of Punjab. KLF will be the 40th organisation to be proscribed under the UAPA law.

The ban comes in the backdrop of various agencies unearthing several KLF modules in recent months which has led to apprehensions that it is attempting to revive militancy in the state.

Khalistan Liberation Force

The Khalistan Liberation Force came into existence in 1986 with the objective of establishing an independent Khalistan by the secession of Punjab from India through violent means. The following instances led to apprehensions that KLF is attempting to revive militancy in the state:

  • A five-member KLF module was busted by the Punjab Police, which resulted in working out the two cases relating to planting of Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) in Nabha, Punjab.
  • A module was busted in Gurudaspur district and four terrorists were arrested with illegal arms and ammunition. It was alleged that they were planning to target Pathankot based leaders of a particular political party.
  • Amritsar police had busted another module and three KLF terrorists were arrested, who were planning to target prominent members of a particular community to disrupt communal harmony in Punjab.
  • Jalandhar police had also busted a  Khalistan Zindabad Force module of four members and arrested the chief of KLF along with illegal arms and ammunition

The Home Ministry justifying the ban states that the members of KLF in India are getting financial and logistic support from their handlers based abroad and it believes that the KLF is involved in terrorism as it has committed and participated in various acts of terrorism in India.

Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act

Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA) aims at effective prevention of unlawful activities associations in India, provides unrestricted powers to law enforcement agencies for dealing with activities directed against the integrity and sovereignty of India. The law imposes reasonable restrictions on exercise of freedom of speech and expression, to assemble peaceably without arms and to form associations in interests of sovereignty and integrity of India.

Nitin Gadkari lays foundation stone of 11 projects for Yamuna rejuvenation

Union Minister for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, Road Transport & Highways and Shipping Nitin Gadkari lays foundation stone for eleven projects for Yamuna Rejuvenation under Namami Gange Programme in New Delhi.

The projects mostly for the sewerage infrastructure at various stages of implementation are taken up under the Namami Gange programme with an aim to conserve the River Yamuna in Delhi. The projects are undertaken under the Yamuna Action Plan.

Yamuna Action Plan

Yamuna Action Plan is one of the largest river restoration projects in India. Yamuna Action Plan is a bilateral project between the Government of India and Japan. The Japanese Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) is providing the financial aid to carry out the project and is being implemented by the National River Conservation Directorate, the Ministry of Environment and Forests, and the Government of India.

Namami Gange

Namami Gange Programme integrates the efforts to clean and protect the River Ganga in a comprehensive manner. The programme was initiated in 2015 with a budget outlay of Rs. 20,000 over 5 years.

The programme focuses on pollution abatement interventions namely Interception, diversion & treatment of wastewater flowing through the open drains through bio-remediation, appropriate in-situ treatment,  use of innovative technologies, treatment plants (STPs), effluent treatment plant (ETPs), rehabilitation and augmentation of existing STPs and immediate short-term measures for arresting pollution at exit points on riverfront to prevent inflow of sewage etc.

The programme also focuses on improved coordination mechanisms between various Ministries/Agencies of Central and State governments.