Current Affairs - December, 2018

Latest Current Affairs December, 2018 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of December, 2018 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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Niti Aayog releases second Delta Ranking of Aspirational districts

The government think tank, Niti Ayog has released the second Delta Ranking of the Aspirational Districts Programme. The second delta ranking measures the incremental progress made by 111 Aspirational Districts between June 1, 2018, and October 31, 2018, across six developmental areas of health and nutrition, education, agriculture and water resources, financial inclusion, skill development, and basic infrastructure.

Only 111 of the 115 Aspirational Districts participated in the survey. Three Aspirational Districts from West Bengal did not participate, and one district of Kerala could not take part because of floods.

Findings of the Ranking

The important findings of the second Delta Ranking of the Aspirational Districts Programme are:

  • Aspirational districts which have shown most improvements in education are Virudhunagar (Tamil Nadu), Nuapada (Odisha) and Gumla (Jharkhand) while least improved three districts are Pakur (Jharkhand), Yadgir(Karnataka) and Malkangiri (Odisha).
  • Aspirational districts which have shown most improvements in health and nutrition are Chitrakoot (Uttar Pradesh), Barwani (Madhya Pradesh) and Vidisha (Madhya Pradesh), while the least improved three districts are Chatra (Jharkhand), Pakur (Jharkhand) and Hazaribagh (Jharkhand).
  • Aspirational districts which have shown most improvements in agriculture and water resources are Sitamarhi (Bihar), Gajapati (Odisha) and Dhalal (Tripura) while the least improved three districts are Giridih (Jharkhand), Hailakandi (Assam) and Begusarai (Bihar).
  • The five districts which have shown most improvements are Virudhunagar (Tamil Nadu), Nuapada (Odisha), Siddharthnagar (Uttar Pradesh), Aurangabad (Bihar) and Koraput, Odisha
  • Under the category of Fast movers which includes districts that have significantly increased the pace of their improvement since the previous delta ranking, Kupwara (Jammu & Kashmir), which ranked at 108 in June moved to 7 in October. Ranchi (Jharkhand) moved from 106 in June to 10 in October, Siddharthnagar (Uttar Pradesh) went from 101 to 3, Jamui (Bihar) from 99 to 9. Fatehpur (Uttar Pradesh) moved up to 25 from its previous ranking of 82 have shown great progress.

Delta rankings

The Delta rankings aim to spur a sense of competition among dynamic teams in Aspirational Districts. The rankings provide for a quantitative tool to identify sectors and indicate specific challenges so that Team India, which is driving Transformation of Aspirational Districts programme can take immediate corrective measures.

The Delta Ranking also goes a step further and looks into specific aspects of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and analyses how these districts have performed across important sectors. The findings from this ranking will aid District Magistrates or Collectors to focus more on these sectors and improve their ranking in future.

Transformation of Aspirational Districts programme

The Transformation of Aspirational Districts programme launched in January 2018 aims to quickly and effectively transform the most underdeveloped districts of the country. The programme envisages rapid development of selected districts on basis of a composite index based on six parameters of health and nutrition, education, financial inclusion, skill development, agriculture and water resources and basic the infrastructure. The programme promotes Convergence of Central and State Schemes, Collaboration of Central, State level ‘Prabhari’ Officers and District Collectors and Competition among districts driven by Mass Movement or Jan Andolan.

Lok Sabha Passes Triple Talaq Bill

The Lok Sabha has passed the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, famously referred to as Triple Talaq Bill. The bill would replace the ordinance passed in the month of September.

The opposition members from Congress and AIADMK staged the walkout demanding that the government must refer the bill to the joint select committee.

Features of the Bill

The Important features of the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill are:

  • The bill makes the all declaration of triple talaq, including in written or electronic form, to be void (i.e. not enforceable in law) and illegal. Talaq-e-biddat.

Talaq-e-biddat (Triple Talaq)
It refers to the practice under Muslim personal laws where pronouncement of the word ‘talaq’ thrice in one sitting by a Muslim man to his wife results in an instant and irrevocable divorce.

  • Declaration of Triple Talaq would be a cognizable offence, attracting up to three years’ imprisonment with a fine. The bill states that the offence will be cognizable only if information relating to the offence is given by the married woman (against whom talaq has been declared), or any person related to her by blood or marriage.

Cognizable offence
A cognizable offence is one for which a police officer may arrest an accused person without a warrant.

  • Under the provisions of the bill, the Magistrate may grant bail to the accused only after hearing the woman (against whom talaq has been pronounced), and if the Magistrate is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for granting bail.
  • The bill also states that the offence may be compounded by the Magistrate upon the request of the woman (against whom talaq has been declared). The bill empowers the Magistrate to determine terms and conditions of the compounding.

Compounding of offence
Compounding of offence refers to a procedure where the two sides agree to stop legal proceedings, and settle the dispute.

  • A Muslim Women against whom the triple talaq is pronounced is entitled to seek subsistence allowance from her husband for herself and for her dependent children and the amount of the allowance will be determined by the Magistrate.
  • A Muslim Women against whom the triple talaq is pronounced is entitled to seek custody of her minor children and the manner of custody will be determined by the Magistrate.

The Opposition members were demanding the joint select committee for a detailed study of the bill since it is a constitutional matter related to a specific religion.

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