Current Affairs - July 2019

Latest Current Affairs July, 2019 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of July, 2019 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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‘Odisha Rasagola’ gets GI Tag

After years of controversy around sweet, Rasagola, a popular dessert of Odisha, has received Geographical Indication (GI) tag in GI Registry from Registrar of Geographical Indication. Both Odisha and West Bengal have been contesting origin of rasagola and West Bengal had got GI for ‘Banglar Rasogolla’ in 2017.

As per Historical records submitted Odisha Rasagola has an age-old tradition and is associated with world famous Puri Jagannath Temple as it is offered to Lord Jagannath as part of bhog since centuries.

Key Highlights

Registration was conferred on Odisha Rasagola under Section 16(I)/ of authorised Section 17(3)(c) of Geographical Indication of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act 1999. GI Tag number 612 (which is 2nd received by Odisha after Kandhamal Haldi) has been registered in favour of Odisha Small Industries Corporation Ltd. (OSIC Ltd.) and and Utkal Mistanna Byabasayee Samiti in foodstuff category. OSIC Ltd. is a Government of Odisha undertaking and Utkal Mistanna Byabasayee Samiti is a traders’ organisation.

Uniqueness of Odisha Rasagola: As per application submitted to Registrar of GI for GI status-

  • Method: Odisha Rasagola is a sweet from state of Odisha made of chhena (cottage cheese) cooked in sugar syrup, which is very soft to feel, is juicy and non- chewy in consistency and can be swallowed without pressure from teeth.
  • Colour development of Odisha Rasagola is very specific, where without addition of external colour, various intensely-coloured rasagolas are prepared using principle of caramelisation of sugar with a very specific methods of preparation.
  • Ancient: Reference of rasagola was found in late 15th century, Odia (Dandi) Ramayana written by Balaram Das.

What is meaning of Geographical Indication Tag?

GI tag for a particular product, which experts call Legal Right, recognises it as distinctive to a particular locality/region/country. As a World Trade Organization (WTO) member country, India had enacted Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration & Protection) Act, 1999. This act came into force from 2003.

All India Tiger Estimation Report 2018 released

As per the All India Tiger Estimation Report 2018 India has 2,967 tigers, a third more than in 2014. The Tiger census made public on occasion of Global Tiger Day (29 July) by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

Key Findings

Top 5 Performing States: Madhya Pradesh saw highest number at 526, followed by Karnataka (524), Uttarakhand (442), Maharashtra (312) and Tamil Nadu (264).

States that saw Decline in Tiger Population: Chhattisgarh and Mizoram. While all other States saw a Positive increase.

Highest Number of Tigers:  found in Pench Tiger Reserve in Madhya Pradesh.

Maximum Improvement in Tiger Population since 2014: recoded in Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve in Tamil

4th cycle of the Management Effectiveness Evaluation of Tiger Reserves (MEETR), which evaluates India’s 50 tiger sanctuaries was also released along with 4th National Tiger Estimation (Tiger census). According to it-

Pench sanctuary (MP) and Periyar sanctuary of Kerala emerged as best managed tiger reserves in country. Top performers scored 93.75%.

Dampa Reserve (Mizoram) and Rajaji reserve (Uttarakhand) with score of 42.97% and 44.53% respectively were left at bottom of ladder.

Chhattisgarh was least performing State in reserve management.

Methodology: Sanctuaries, which spanned 80 States, were divided into 5 geographic clusters and on the whole, Western Ghats cluster comprising reserves in Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka scored an average of 81%. A score of 75% and above is rated ‘very good’ and score of 41% and above was marked as ‘fair’.

4th National Tiger Estimation (Tiger census)

It is 4th such tiger survey since 2006. It is a gargantuan exercise and is conducted once in 4 years. Latest survey is culmination of 15 months (1.3 year) of forest officials surveying 3,81,400 sq-km of forested habitat, installing 26,760 camera traps and wildlife biologists digging by 35 million images of wildlife- 76,523 out of which were tigers (there can be multiple images of same tiger). Nearly 83% of estimated tiger population was captured in these images.

 

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