Current Affairs – June, 2015

Latest Current Affairs June, 2015 with Current Affairs, news summary on current events of National and International importance of June, 2015 for Banking, SSC, CLAT, UPSC, State PCS, IBPS, Railways and other Competitive Examinations.

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Humans driving Earth to sixth mass extinction: Study

As per recently published study in the journal Science Advances, humans are driving Earth to sixth mass extinction.

The study was led by team of experts from Stanford University, Princeton University and the University of California, Berkeley of United states.

Key facts

  • The analysis of study was based on documented extinctions of vertebrate species such as frogs, tigers, reptiles and from fossil records and other historical data.
  • Researchers had compared the modern rate of species loss to the natural rates of species disappearance before human activity was dominated.
  • As per natural rate of extinction, two species go extinct per 10,000 species in 100 years.
  • However, modern rates of extinction are 8 to 100 times higher. For example, 477 vertebrates have gone extinct since 1900, rather than 9 that would be expected at natural rates.
  • The average rate of vertebrate species loss in past 100 years is up to 114 times higher than it would had been without human activity.
  • Main causes for species loss includes climate change, pollution, deforestation, habitat loss, over-exploitation for economic gain etc.
  • As per International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) around 41 percent of all amphibian species and 26 percent of mammals are threatened with extinction.

The study calls for rapid and greatly intensified efforts to conserve already threatened species. It also calls to alleviate pressures on species populations due over-exploitation for economic gain, habitat loss and climate change.

June 20: World Refugee Day

Every year June 20 is observed as World Refugee Day to raise awareness of the situation of refugees throughout the world. The theme for year 2015 is With courage let us all combine.
Background of World Refugee Day

United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) had passed a resolution to observe 20 June as World Refugee Day on 4 December 2000.

It was passed to mark 50th anniversary of the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees. Since then it is observed annually with different themes.

Prior to passing of this resolution in 2000, African Refugee Day was formally celebrated on 20 June in several countries especially by Organization of African Unity (OAU) member states.

On this day, United Nations Refugee Agency (UNRA) hosts various events and announces a theme for its campaign.

With this UNRA seeks to draw the public’s attention to the millions of refugees and internally displaced persons worldwide who have fled their homes forcefully due to war, conflict and persecution.