SIPRI: India is the world’s largest arms importer

As per the report published by the Sweden-based Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), India become the world’s largest arms importer over 2004-13 and its import of weapon systems is three times more than Pakistan and China. 

As per the report of Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)

  • Indian imports of major weapons rose by 111% in the last five years compared to 2004-08. Its share of total global arms imports increased from 7 to 14%.
  • World’s total arms sales had increased by 14 % from 2009 to 2013.
  • World’s top five Global arms importers: India (14%), China (5%), Pakistan (5%), the United Arab Emirates (4%) and Saudi Arabia (4%).
  • Major suppliers of arms to India in 2009-13: Russia (accounting for 75% of imports) and the US (7%).
  • World’s top five Global arms suppliers between 2009 and 2013: the United States (29 % of global exports), Russia (27%), Germany (7 %), China (6 %) and France (5%).
  • Imports by European nations decreased by 25 % between 2004-2008 and 2009-13.
  • Britain was the largest importer of major weapons in Europe (received 12 % of deliveries), followed by Azerbaijan (12 %) and Greece (11 %).
  • Arms exports to Africa between 2004-08 and 2009-13 jumped 53 per cent. The three largest importers in the region were Algeria, Morocco and Sudan. 

Note: SIPRI is an independent international institute in Sweden i.e. dedicated to research into conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament. It provides data, analysis and recommendations, based on open source, to policymakers, researchers, media and the interested public.

The SIPRI Arms Transfers Database

The SIPRI Arms Transfers Database contains information on all international transfers of major weapons (including sales, gifts and production under licence) to states, international organizations and armed non-state groups since 1950. It is the only publicly available resource providing consistent data on arms transfers for this length of time. 

The database can be used to track transfers of major weapons and to answer such questions as:

  • Who are the main suppliers and recipients of major weapons?
  • How have relations between different suppliers and recipients changed over time?
  • Where do countries in conflict get their weapons?
  • How do states implement their export control regulations?
  • Where are potentially destabilizing build-ups of weapons occurring today?
  • What major weapons have been exported or imported?

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The trend in international transfers of major weapons, 1950–2013 (Source: www.sipri.org)

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 The 10 largest exporters of major weapons and their main clients, 2009–13 (Source: www.sipri.org)

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 Changes in major arms exports since 2004–2008 by the 10 largest exporters in 2009–13 (Source: www.sipri.org)

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The 10 largest importers of major weapons and their main suppliers, 2009–13 (Source: www.sipri.org)

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“Rani-ki-Vav and GHNP” nominated by India for UNESCO’s World Heritage Site Status 2014

India nominated Rani-ki-Vav and the Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP) for UNESCO’s World Heritage Site Status for 2014. The World Heritage Committee will convene in Doha, Qatar, in June 2014 to review the nomination and take a final decision.

Process to confirm World Heritage status

Only countries that have signed the World Heritage Convention and pledged to protect their natural and cultural heritage, can submit nomination proposals for properties on their territory to be considered for inclusion in UNESCO’s World Heritage List.

The nomination process for selecting World Heritage site:

  • Tentative List: Countries create an inventory of potential monuments and natural sites and include them in the Tentative List.
  • The Nomination File: The concern department in particular country selects a few sites and nominates them for final inscription, every year to the World Heritage centre. The centre sends it to the Advisory bodies, the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) and the World Conservation Union (IUCN) for evaluation mandate by the World Heritage Convention.
  • Advisory Bodies: UNESCO appoints advisory committees to evaluate the nominations.
  • World Heritage Committee: Once a site has been nominated and evaluated, the intergovernmental World Heritage Committee meets to decide which sites will be inscribed on the World Heritage list.

About Rani-ki-Vav

  • Location: Patan, Gujarat.
  • Constructed by Queen Udayamati of the Solanki dynasty.
  • The 11th century stepwell and is one of the finest examples of stepwells in Gujarat.
  • The well is subterranean structure with a series of steps, board landings, pavilions and sculpted walls which provides access to water in deep water.  It is of seven storeys with five exist and there are more than 800 elaborate sculptures which are survived. This is a protected monument under the Archeological Survey of India. 

About Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP)

  • Location: Kullu region in Himachal Pradesh.
  • Established: 1984 and declared as National Park in 1999.
  • Area: 452 sq mi.
  • Known for its biodiversity and has more than 25 forest types, 800 kinds of plants and is home to more than 180 bird species.
  • Habitat to numerous flora and more than 375 fauna species that comprises nearly around 31 mammals, 181 birds, 3 reptiles, 9 amphibians, 11 annelids, 17 mollusks and 127 insects.