AMR Current Affairs - 2019

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India and Sweden to Increase Cooperation on Anti-Microbial Resistance R and D

The Swedish Health Minister Lena Hallengren after the meeting with Union Health Minister J P Nadda announced that  Anti-microbial resistance (AMR) is really dangerous and India and Sweden intend to boost cooperation to tackle it.

Cooperation to tackle Anti-Microbial Resistance

  • India and Sweden have signed a Memorandum of Understanding to cooperate in the field of various issues, including AMR, communicable diseases and public health On February 24, 2009.
  • AMR work is an “ongoing cooperation” between India and Sweden.
  • There would be bilateral cooperation between companies, between agencies, between universities, institutions.

Sweden hoped that India would join the Alliance of Champions, which is a creation between many countries globally to face and to fight AMR.

Alliance of Champions

The Alliance of Champions was launched by then Swedish Health Minister Gabriel Wikstrom at the 2015 World Health Assembly. Alliance of Champions consisted of health ministers of 14 countries aimed to promote “political awareness, engagement and leadership” on AMR.

India develops National Action Plan to combat Antimicrobial Resistance

Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare announced the finalization of India’s comprehensive and multi-sectoral National Action Plan at the ‘Inter-Ministerial Consultation on AMR containment’ held at New Delhi. The consultation was attended by various ministers including Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution Ram Vilas Paswan, and Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change Anil Madhav Dave. The Ministers signed a ‘Delhi Declaration’ to contain Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR).

The Delhi Declaration calls for the support of all stakeholders including UN, WHO, FAO and other UN agencies, civil society organizations etc., in developing and implementing the national and state action plans on AMR. The National action plan has objectives of enhancing awareness, strengthening surveillance, improving rational use of antibiotics, reducing infections and promoting research

Governmental interventions

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has set up a National Anti-Microbial Resistance Research and Surveillance Network (AMRRSN) to enable compilation of data of AMR at the national level.

Under AMRRSN, ICMR is carrying out surveillance of drug resistance to antibiotics in the following six pathogenic groups:

  • Diarrhoeagenic bacterial organisms
  • Enteric fever pathogens
  • Enterobacteriaceae causing sepsis
  • Gramnegative Non-fermenters
  • Gram positives including MRSA
  • Fungal infections.

In addition, the health ministry enacted regulations to regulate the sale of antibiotics and brought out National Guidelines for the use of antibiotics.

Further, the National Programme for Containment of AMR is under implementation in 12th Five Year Plan with the following objectives:

  • To establish a laboratory-based surveillance system by strengthening laboratories.
  • To generate quality data on AMR for pathogens of public health importance.
  • To generate awareness among healthcare providers and in the community regarding the rational use of antibiotics.
  • To strengthen infection control guidelines and practices and promote rational use of antibiotics.

AMR

Antibiotic drug resistance is developed in the micro-organisms. AMR is the ability of a microorganism such as bacteria, viruses etc., to render the anti-microbial such as antibiotics, antivirals and antimalarials ineffective against them. It results in failure of standard treatments and the spread of infections.