Ayushman Bharat Current Affairs - 2019

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CCHFW – Conference of Central Council of Health and Family Welfare

The 13th Conference of Central Council of Health and Family Welfare was inaugurated by the Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare. The conference is to be held for one and half days on various issues in seven sessions.

About the Conference

The purpose of the conference is to build a consensus on National wealth priorities. It includes Universal Health Coverage through various flagship programs like Ayushman Bharat, National Control of Tuberculosis Program, National Nutrition Mission, etc. The conference also aims to promote steps towards the target of National Health Policy 2017, that is, to allocate 2.5% of GDP to health by 2025.

Highlights

  • The conference is to be conducted on 4 pillars of healthcare namely
    • Universal Health Coverage
    • Mission mode interventions
    • Quality and accessible affordable healthcare services
    • Adequate Infrastructure
  • At the inaugural function the Union Health Minister Dr Harsha Varshan released the following reports
    • National Diabetes and Diabetic Retinopathy Survey India (2015 – 19)
    • Report on National Diabetes and Diabetic Retinopathy survey India (2015 – 19)
  • The minister also unveiled leaflets on Suicide Prevention marking the World Mental Health Day
  • The following guidelines were released
    • Guidelines on Drugs and Diagnostic Service Initiative
    • Guidelines for Biomedical Equipment Management and Maintenance Program
    • Guidelines for Peritoneal Dialysis under Pradhan Mantri National Dialysis Program.
  • SUMAN – Surakshit Matritva Aashwasam – A new initiative for zero preventable maternal and new born deaths was launched.

Issues included in the agenda of the conference

  • Strengthening National Health Mission
  • Control programs for TB, Vector Borne diseases, Leprosy, Viral Hepatitis
  • National AIDS program
  • Reproductive health
  • Cardio – vascular diseases, Non – communicable diseases
  • Regulation in medical education
  • National Organ Transplant program
  • Clinical establishment acts

PMJAY – First Year with 90,000 Cancer claims; Tamil Nadu tops the list

The Union Health Ministry released its data on PMJAY – Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana. The scheme aimed at helping economically vulnerable persons. It aimed to cover more than 10 crore families.

Key Findings

  • According to the report, every year there are 11.57 lakh new cancer patients in India and 7.84 lakh cancer deaths.
  • In the first year, PLJAY has funded 90,000 cancer patients
  • There are around 22.5 lakh Indians living with cancer at a given point of time. Tamil Nadu tops the list with 40,056 cases followed by Kerala (22,000), Madhya Pradesh (19,455), Chattisgarh (15,997) and Gujarat (14,380)
  • The report says that there is a steep rise in cancer care for patients and treatment facilities.
  • On the whole, the National Health Authority, the nodal agency for implementation of PMJAY has sanctioned Rs 321 crores so far for cancer care.

Steps under the PMJAY

  • Under PMJAY, HWC (Health and Wellness Centers) were started for 3 types of cancer namely oral, breast and cervical.
  • The scheme was launched in September 2018 with cancer care as its top priority.
  • The National Cancer Grid and National Health Authority collaborated to battle cancer under the scheme. The main objective of the collaboration included developing uniform standards of patient care of prevention, diagnosis and treatment.