Bengal Current Affairs - 2019
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The state of Odisha celebrates Odisha Divas or Utkala Divas every year on April 1st to commemorate the state formation day. On this day 82 years ago, Orissa (now Odisha) was established as a province of British India.
- In 1912, Bihar and Orissa had been separated from Bengal to form the Bihar and Orissa Province.
- In 1936, Bihar and Orissa Province was itself split to form Bihar Province and Orissa Province.
- On 1 April 1936, the new province Orissa came into being with Sir John Austin Hubback, Indian Civil Servant (ICS), as the Governor.
- Orissa was the first linguistic province in the country.
- After Independence, the area of Orissa was almost doubled and the population was increased by a third with the addition of 24 former princely states.
- The name of the state was changed from Orissa to Odisha, and the name of its language from Oriya to Odia, in 2011.
Known centuries ago as Kalinga, the state of Odisha has displayed exemplary courage in resisting the might of the Mauryas in the Kalinga War. Home to Lord Jagannath, state of Odisha has a fifth of India’s coal, a quarter of its iron ore, a third of its bauxite reserves and much of the country’s art and culture.
Tags: Bengal • Bihar • British India • Kalinga • Odia
India has boycotted the events of the Pakistan National Day in protest against the invitation to Hurriyat leaders for the National Day reception being held at New Delhi. India has strongly objected to the direct engagement of Pakistan with Hurriyat representatives who are spearheading a separatists movement in the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Pakistan National Day
Pakistan National Day is celebrated on 23 March in recognition of the passage of the Lahore Declaration on that day in 1940. Lahore Declaration called for the creation of a separate state of Pakistan.
The 1940 Lahore Declaration proposed the creation of an ‘independent state’ based on a predominantly Muslim population. The resolution rejected the proposal of a ‘United India,’ which stood against the division of India, and recommended the creation of a separate state for the Muslims and stated that no constitutional plan will be accepted by the Muslims until geographical units are demarcated.
The resolution demanded a new state Pakistan comprising of Muslims from regions like North-West Frontier Province, Punjab, Bengal, Assam, Sindh, and Baluchistan.
The resolution which is also referred to as the ‘Pakistan Resolution’ holds great significance in Pakistan’s history. Pakistan has also erected a monument ‘Minar-e-Pakistan’ at Lahore to commemorate the famous resolution.