Britain Current Affairs - 2019

Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link

CO2 emissions rose by 2% in 2018: Study

As per a closely-watched review by United Kingdom (UK) based energy giant BP, titled “The BP Statistical Review of World Energy”, the global carbon emissions grew by 2.0% in 2018, the highest rate since 2010-2011. BP is a London based, British multinational oil and gas company.

Key Findings of Study

  • The study called that the current trend of increasing carbon emissions is putting world on an ‘unsustainable’ path.
  • There is a growing mismatch between societal demands for action on climate change i.e. for cutting a country’s net greenhouse (GHG) emissions to zero and the actual pace of progress being made in the domain.
  • The energy demand and carbon emissions are currently growing at their fastest rate for years.
  • The global energy demand grew by 2.9%. A part of this rise was met by increasing shale rock reserve exploitation in United States (US), which recorded fastest rise of oil and natural gas production in world, in recent times.
  • Although the use of renewable forms of energy globally grew by 14.5% in 2018 but it still accounted for just 33% of total rise in power generation in 2018.
  • Significance: The study highlights that a focus on green/renewable forms of energy will not be able to achieve net-zero GHG emission targets, rather the governments should to do more towards cutting the use of polluting coal and oil. This means that It should not be a race to renewables, but a race to reduce carbon emissions across many fronts.

About BP Statistical Review of World Energy

  • It is viewed as an energy industry standard.
  • It pools data on everything such as from the size of countries’ oil reserves to their production of renewable energy and various consumption rates.

Global efforts taken for CO2 Emissions

  • Globally, governments are coming under intensifying pressure from campaigners to set deadlines by which they will cut their net greenhouse (GHG) emissions to zero.
  • Britain’s top advisory body on climate change has recommended that British government must target for cutting their net GHG emissions to zero by 2050. This is the same deadline adopted by some other European governments.
  • The progressive wing of US Congress is pushing for year 2030 as a deadline for US government to cut their net GHG emissions to zero. Although most analysts view this target as unattainable and prohibitively expensive to reach.

International Nurse’s Day observed on May 12

International Nurses Day was observed globally on 12 May 2019. It is celebrated every year on birth anniversary of Florence Nightingale, the foundational philosopher of modern nursing.

About International Nurses Day

  • Background: The first proposal for Nurses Day was made in 1953, by an officer with US Department of Health, Education and Welfare Dorothy Sutherland and first proclaimed by President Dwight D Eisenhower. In 1965, it was first celebrated by the International Council of Nurses (ICN). Later, in 1974 ICN established 12 May as International Nurses Day, to be celebrated every year to highlight important role played by nurses in providing best healthcare services.
  • Aim: It is celebrated to honour, contributions made by nurses in societies around the world.
  • Organised: It is organised each year by the International Council of Nurses, which is group of more than 130 national nurses associations, with headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Role played by Nurses: IND acknowledges various roles played by nurses which includes providing and managing personal care and treatment, working with families and communities, & playing a central part in public health & controlling disease & infection.
  • Theme for International Nurses Day 2019 was “Nurses – A Voice to Lead – Health for All”. This year the Nurses Day coincided with Mother’s Day.

About Florence Nightingale

  • She was a British national and born on 12 May in 1820.
  • She was a reforming spirit in nursing who organised nursing for wounded and sick soldiers, at the same time served as manager and trainer of other nurses during Crimean War in 1850s.
  • She is also known as ‘Lady with the Lamp’. Moreover, her far-sighted ideas and reforms have greatly influenced modern healthcare.

Achievements

  • She established ‘Nightingale Training School’ at St Thomas’ Hospital. It was first professional training school for nurses.
  • She established ‘School of Midwifery nursing’ at King’s College Hospital because she believed that specialist midwifery nurses are needed. This later became a model for the country.
  • She has published more than 200 books, reports and pamphlets on hospital organization and planning. These are widely read and respected even today.
  • She is credited for inventing the pie chart and later on became first woman to be elected to Royal Statistical Society (RSS).
  • In 1909, she received ‘Freedom of the City of London’ award, and became first woman to whom it was awarded.