Chandipur Current Affairs - 2019

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QRSAM: successfully test-fired by DRDO

Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully conducted two back-to-back flight tests of its state of the art Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air Missiles (QRSAM) from Integrated Test Range (ITR), Chandipur in Odisha. The test was conducted against live aerial targets.

Key Highlights of Test

Two missiles were tested against two live targets and met complete mission objectives of engaging targets.

Entire mission was captured by various Electro Optical Tracking Systems (EOTS), Radar Systems and Telemetry Systems.

Systems have been tested in final configuration with RADAR (radio detection and ranging) mounted on a vehicle & missiles on launcher.

Systems are equipped with indigenously-developed Phased array radar, Inertial Navigation System, Data Link & RF seeker.

Test Result: Two missiles were tested for different altitude and conditions and test flights successfully demonstrated their high manoeuvring capabilities, aerodynamics, propulsion and structural performance.

About Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air Missiles (QRSAM)

It is a sophisticated all-weather and all-terrain missile.

Developed By: Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) for Indian army with search and track on move capability with very short reaction time.

Features:

QRSAM uses solid-fuel propellant.

Range: 25-30 km

It can be mounted on a truck and stored in a canister.

It is equipped with electronic counter measures against jamming by aircraft radars.

It has many state of the art technologies with which it can engage targets at different ranges and altitudes.

NOTE: 1st trial of QSRAM was conducted on 4 June 2017 and on 26 February 2019, two rounds of trials were successfully carried out on same day.

Sub-sonic Cruise Missile ‘Nirbhay’ Successfully Test-Fired

India’s first indigenously designed and developed long-range sub-sonic cruise missile ‘Nirbhay’ from a test range Chandipur, Odisha.

Nirbhay Missile

  • Nirbhay missile has blended missile and aeronautical technologies which allows it to take off vertically like missile and cruise horizontally like an aircraft.
  • The missile has a two-stage missile powered by solid rocket motor booster developed by Advanced Systems Laboratory (ASL).
  • Nirbhay Missile has an operational range of 1000 km and can carry warheads of up to 300 kg including nuclear warheads.
  • It can be launched from various kind of platforms.
  • It can travel with a turbofan or turbojet engine and is guided by a highly advanced inertial navigation system.
  • It has the capability to loiter and cruise at 0.7 Mach, at altitudes as low as 100m.
  • It is terrain hugging missile which keeps on encircling the area of its target for several minutes and then hits bull’s eye’ on an opportune time.
  • It is difficult to detect by enemy’s radars. It is capable to engage several targets in a single flight.
  • The guidance, control and navigation system of missile is configured around indigenously designed Ring Laser Gyroscope (RLG) and MEMS-based Inertial Navigation System (INS) along with GPS system.

It was the sixth experimental test of Nirbhay missile system and it achieved all mission objectives right from lift-off till the final splash, boosting the confidence of all scientists associated with the trial.