Cultural heritage of India Current Affairs - 2019

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Sanskriti Kumbh

The Uttar Pradesh Governor Shri Ram Naik inaugurated the Sanskriti Kumbh at Prayagraj. The Sanskriti Kumbh celebrates the conglomeration of Spiritual Consciousness and Cultural Heritage of India in the main premises of Kumbh Mela in Prayagraj. It is being organised by the Ministry of Culture, Government of India under the Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat initiative.

Celebrating the Diversity of India

The Sanskriti Kumbh is aimed at showcasing the vibrancy of India. The Sanskriti Kumbh will give a chance to people to experience all the colours of Indian Culture at one place. This cultural extravagance aims to promote and reconnect the people especially the youth with our magnificent and multifaceted culture along with the opulence and its historical significance.

The cultural performances would display the legacy of India’s Spiritual and Mythological practices. The performances will showcase the inclination of visitors towards devotion and Kumbh tradition. The folk dances, representing states from East West North South India, will showcase the spirit of Unity in Diversity that is Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat.

Under the ambit of Sanskriti Kumbh, Rashtriya Shilp Mela is being organised to display handicrafts and live demonstration of the skill by craftsmen.

Kumbh Mela at Prayagraj

Kumbh Mela is one of the oldest and largest congregation in the world. The Kumbh Mela is now part of the UNESCO list of Intangible Cultural heritage for humanity in.

This year Kumbh Mela is being organized in the city of Prayagraj which is located at the confluence of the Ganges, the Yamuna and Mystic river of Saraswati in Uttar Pradesh.

UNESCO adds Jamaican reggae, Georgian wrestling and Japanese rituals in coveted list of intangible heritage

UN cultural agency UNESCO has added six new elements viz. Jamaican reggae, Georgian wrestling and Japanese ritual into its coveted list of “intangible heritage”.  They were added at UNESCO’s Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage meeting held in Mauritius

Six new elements added in list are

Chidaoba: It is Georgia’s traditional wrestling. It combines elements of wrestling, music, dance and special garments. It is part of Georgian folk dance and its practice encourages healthy lifestyle and plays an important role in intercultural dialogue”.

Hurling: It is field game from Ireland. It dates back 2,000 years, features strongly in Irish mythology. It is played by two teams using wooden “hurley” stick and small “sliotar” ball. It is considered as intrinsic part of Irish culture and plays central role in promoting health and wellbeing, inclusiveness and team spirit.

Reggae: It is Jamaican music originating from marginalized groups, mainly in Western Kingston. It was started out as voice of marginalized. But now it is played and embraced by wide cross-section of society, including various genders, ethnic and religious groups.

Raiho-shin: They are Japanese rituals used to admonish laziness and teach children good behavior. In it local people dress in outlandish costumes and visit houses as deities as part folk beliefs that deities visit communities and usher in new year or season. By performing rituals, local people notably children have their identities moulded, developsense of affiliation to their community and strengthen ties among themselves.

As-Samer: It consists mainly of dancing and singing and practiced across many areas of Jordan. It is performed on various occasions, most commonly during weddings. Its poetry forms are  integral part of the tradition, expressing feelings of joy, peace, intimacy and empathy among those in attendance.

Spring festive rites of Kazakhstan’s horse breeders: It marks end of the old and beginning of a new annual horse-breeding cycle. It is rooted in traditional knowledge of nature and an age-old relation between man and horse. The rites involve skills inherited from nomadic ancestors, adapted to meet present-day conditions to ensure its continued viability.

UNESCO’s List of Intangible Cultural Heritage

This coveted list is made up of those intangible heritage elements that help demonstrate diversity of cultural heritage and raise awareness about its importance. The list was established in 2008 when Convention for Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage came into effect. It includes important intangible cultural heritages worldwide. It has two parts viz. Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity and List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of urgent Safeguarding. From India, 14 Intangible Cultural Heritages have been added into this list. They are Koodiyattam (Sanskrit Theatre of Kerala), Mudiyett (theatre ritual of Kerala), Tradition of Vedic Chanting, Kalbelia (folk songs and dances of Rajasthan), Ramlila (Traditional Performance of the Ramayana), Sankirtana (singing, drumming and dancing ritual of Manipur), Ramman (religious festival and ritual theatre of Garhwal Himalayas), Thatheras (Traditional brass and copper craft of utensil of Punjab), Chhau dance (classical Indian dance originated in the eastern Indian states), Buddhist chanting of Ladakh (recitation of sacred Buddhist texts in Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir), Yoga and KumbhMela.