Early Warning Dissemination System Current Affairs - 2019
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The Odisha State Disaster Management Authority (OSDMA) has bagged the SKOCH Award, 2018 for its remarkable achievements in the field of disaster management. The award was presented at the 56th SKOTCH Summit held at New Delhi.
The SKOCH Award is being presented since 2003 to individuals and institutions having done meritorious works in the field of governance, finance, banking, disaster management, technology, corporate citizenship, economics and inclusive growth by Skoch Group.
OSDMA and Disaster Management
- OSDMA had received Order-of-merit in the Gold category for constructing 879 multipurpose cyclone and flood shelters which played a key role in saving human lives during Cyclone Phailin in 2013.
- OSDMA had received ‘Order-of-merit’ in the silver category for constructing disaster resilient houses for about 17,000 Phailin affected families by relocating them to safer places.
- Order-of-merit Bronze was given to the OSDMA for its Early Warning Dissemination System for different hydro-meteorological disasters across the coastline of Odisha which will benefit 1,205 villages in 22 blocks of six coastal districts.
- OSDMA had received ICHL award, 2013 for Excellence in Humanitarian Action in the field of Disaster Management and many certifications for effective management of disasters.
These awards are the recognition of Odisha becoming a model state in disaster management and risk mitigation since the 1999 Super Cyclone.
Tags: 1999 Super Cyclone • Banking • corporate citizenship • Cyclone Phailin • Disaster Management
Odisha Government has launched an automatic public address system to warn citizens about cyclone and tsunami, floods.
- This is the first of its kind technology in field of Early Warning Dissemination System (EWDS) in India.
- The EWDS of Odisha government has been implemented under the assistance of World Bank with a cost of around 82 crores.
- Around 122 towers have been installed along the 480 km long coastline of the odisha state to produce sound and sirens during emergency situations.
- Sound producing from the towers can be heard in communities within a radius of 1.5 km.
- The button will be pressed from the state emergency centre in Bhubaneswar during an emergency situation.
- Six coastal districts named Balasore, Bhadrak, Jagatsinghpur, Kendrapara, Puri and Ganjam have been covered under the system.
- It’s a part of the last-mile connectivity programme under the National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project an aimed at protecting people from the cyclone effects.
- The system will prove to be boon for the fisherman of the state.
Odisha and disasters
Odisha is vulnerable to many disasters. The state is prone to tropical cyclones, Storm surges and tsunamis. A large part of the state comes under Earthquake Risk Zone-II. The super-cyclone of 1999 which claimed 10,000 lives in Odisha. In 2013.Cyclone Phailin hit the Indian coasts. Cyclone Hudhud hit Odisha in 2014.Recently cyclone Titli hit odisha coast in 2018.
Disaster preparedness of Odisha
- The Odisha State Disaster Management Authority (OSDMA) was established in 1999.OSDMA was the first disaster management authority centre established in India.
- Odisha has active State Disaster Management Authority (SDMA).
- Odisha, has built close to 800 multipurpose cyclone and flood shelters in cyclone prone areas.
- All vulnerable regions in Odisha have active Cyclone Management Centres.
- Odisha Disaster Rapid Action Force (ODRAF) is a well known name in cyclone hit areas.
The continuous focus on developing manpower, skill, and infrastructure, state of Odisha has emerged as one of the most disaster-ready states in the world today