Education Current Affairs - 2019

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Government launches ShaGun portal to monitor Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan

The Union Government launched a dedicated web portal ShaGun (http://ssashagun.nic.in) for monitoring the progress of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA).

The portal was developed by World Bank in collaboration with Union Ministry of Human Resource Development. Its name has been derived from the words Shala (means schools) and Gun (i.e. Gunvatta meaning Quality).

Key Facts
  • ShaGun portal was developed with a twin track approach to monitor schools under the SSA and also the quality of education imparted by them.
  • It will capture and showcase innovations and progress in Elementary Education sector of India by continuous monitoring SSA.
  • ShaGun will help in monitoring progress in implementation of SSA by assessing the performance of states/UTs on key parameters that will help Government to plan and deliver quality education to all.
  • It will collect and report data to enable the government and administrators to track the efficiency with which SSA funds are being utilised and the results are been delivered.

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA): It is a centrally sponsored flagship scheme for providing universal access to education to children in the age group of six to fourteen years of age.

In addition, Toolkit for Master Trainers in Preparing Teachers for Inclusive Education for Children with Special Needs (CWSN) was also unveiled. The toolkit is part of the series of 5 training modules that will provide the teachers with practical information on the effective inclusion of CWSN. It will help in building pedagogical practices that will address the needs of all children with special needs.

India ranks 92nd in 2017 Global Talent Index

India was ranked 92nd among 118 countries in the 2017 Global index of talent competitiveness (GTI) list. The index measures ability of countries to compete for talent i.e. how countries grow, attract and retain talent.

The index is produced by global business school INSEAD in partnership with Adecco Group and Human Capital Leadership Institute (HCLI) of Singapore.

Key Highlights of 2017 GTI
  • Top 10 Countries: Switzerland (1st), Singapore (2nd), United Kingdom (3rd), United States (4th), Sweden (5th), Australia (6th), Luxembourg (7th), Denmark (8th), Finland (9th) and Norway (10th).
  • BRICS Countries: India’s ranking is worst among the five BRICS countries. China (54th), Russia (56th), South Africa (67th) and Brazil (81st).
  • It noted that BRICS countries are not getting stronger and both China and India have slipped from their year-ago rankings.
  • India Related Facts: In this edition of the list, India slipped by 3 places compared to 89th rank in 2016 GTI.
  • India stood on a relatively solid in pool of global knowledge skills compared with other emerging markets. But in terms of retaining and attracting talent indices, India ranked lowly 104th and 114th, respectively.
  • Overall a major challenge for India is to attract talent from abroad, particularly in the context of large emigration rates of high-skilled people.
  • India has been able to create a stable pool of global knowledge skills, but still experiences a brain drain. India’s ranking will improve only if it improves in its regulatory (94th) and market (99th) landscapes.
  • GTI global ranking of cities: 2017 edition of GTI also released the first-ever global ranking of cities on the basis of their reputation and growing footprint in attracting, growing, and retaining global talent.
  • Top 10 global cities in terms of talent competitiveness: Zurich, Helsinki, San Francisco, Gothenburg, Madrid, Paris, Los Angeles, Eindhoven and Dublin. Mumbai was only Indian city to make into this list.