Foot and Mouth Disease Current Affairs - 2019

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PM Modi to launch National Animal Disease Control Programme

In one of the major efforts towards doubling farmers income and empowering farmers, Prime Minister Narendra Modi will be launching National Animal Disease Control Programme (NADCP) on 11 September 2019 from Mathura in Uttar Pradesh. The NADCP aims towards eradicating Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) and Brucellosis in the livestock.

Key Highlights

During his visit to Mathura PM Modi will also launch National Artificial Insemination Programme on 11 September. He shall also be taking up Swachhta Hi Seva Programme.

He is also expected to simultaneously launch of nationwide workshops in Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVK) in all the 687 Districts of country on topic of vaccination, disease management, artificial insemination and productivity.

About National Animal Disease Control Programme

Objective: The programme aims to-

  1. Vaccinate more than 500 Million Livestock including cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats and pigs against Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD).
  2. Vaccinate 36 Million Female Bovine Calves annually in its fight against Brucellosis disease.

Two components of Programme

(1) Controlling of diseases by 2025

(2) Eradication of by 2030

Funds: The programme 100% funding from Central Government, of Rs.12,652 Crores for a period of 5 years till 2024. Earlier, Centre and state governments used to contribute funds in ratio of 60:40.

Coverage: Scheme envisages vaccination coverage to 30 crore bovines (cows-bulls and buffaloes) and 20 crore sheep or goat and 10 million pigs.

Need: The disease of FMD and brucellosis are common among livestock such as- cow, buffaloes, bulls, pigs, sheep and goats. Both the diseases have a direct negative impact on trade of milk and other livestock products.

As per government data if a cow or buffalo gets infected with FMD, the milk loss is up to 100% which could last for4-6 months. In case of Brucellosis, the milk output reduces by 30% during entire life cycle of animal and also causes infertility among animals. Also, the infection of brucellosis can also be transmitted to farm workers and livestock owners.

Bulletin: Cabinet approved new initiative to control FMD and Brucellosis

Union Cabinet has approved new initiative (scheme) to control Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) and Brucellosis to support the livestock rearing farmers and improve the health of animals.

Key Features of Scheme

  • Objective: This initiative aims to fully control these diseases amongst livestock in the country in next five years and subsequently eradicate these diseases.
  • Cabinet has cleared a total outlay of Rs. 13,343 crores for this scheme and entire cost will be now borne by Central Government.
  • In case of FMD: It envisages vaccination coverage to 30 crore bovines (cows-bulls and buffaloes) and 20 crore sheep/goat and 1 crore pigs at six months’ interval along with primary vaccination in bovine calves.
  • Brucellosis control programme: It will extend to cover 100% vaccination coverage of 3.6 crore female calves.
  • Significance: It will benefit crores of livestock rearing farmers and improve health of animals.

Threat of FMD and Brucellosis

  • These diseases are very common amongst the livestock – cow-bulls, buffaloes, sheep, goats, pigs etc. If cow/buffalo gets infected with FMD, it results in milk loss is upto 100% which could last for four to six months.
  • In case of Brucellosis milk output reduces by 30%, during entire life cycle of animal. It also causes infertility amongst animals. It can also be transmitted to the farm workers and livestock owners. Both of these diseases have direct negative impact on trade of milk and other livestock products.