GI Tag Current Affairs - 2019

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Tamil Nadu’s Dindigul lock and Kandangi saree gets GI tag

The Geographical Indications Registry (GIR) in Chennai has accorded coveted Geographical Indication (GI) tag to Dindigul lock and Kandangi saree from Tamil Nadu. This takes total number of such indigenous products that have been accorded GI tag from Tamil Nadu to 31.

Dindigul locks

They are known throughout world for their superior quality and durability. More than 3,125 lock manufacturing units are limited to an area of 5 km in and around Dindigul. This is the main reason Dindigul city is also called as Lock City.

The lock manufacturing units in the city are concentrated in Nallampatti, Nagelnagar, Kodaiparailpatti, Kamalapatti and Yagappanpatti. The abundance of iron in this region is main reason for growth of this industry.

There are over 50 varieties of locks made by artisans using raw materials such as brass plates and MS flat plates procured from the nearby towns, including Salem and Madurai. Government institutions such as prisons, godowns, hospitals, and even temples use these locks instead of other machine-made ones.

Kandangi sarees

They are manufactured in entire Karaikudi taluk in Sivaganga district of Tamil Nadu. They are made up of high quality cotton from Coimbatore. The main characteristic of these sarees are its bright colours that hold strong. They are characterised by large contrast borders. Some varieties of this saree are known to have borders covering as far as two-thirds of saree which is usually around 5.10 m-5.60 m in length. These cotton sarees are usually worn in summer and are bought by customers in bulk. These sarees are manually made using winding machine, shuttle, loom and bobbin. It is team effort of families who live in the town of Karaikudi and it forms part of their basic livelihood.

GI Tag accorded to three new products

Geographical Indications Registry under Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) has accorded Geographical Indication (GI) tag to Tirur betel leaf from Kerala, Tawlhlohpuan fabric and Mizo Puanchei shawl/textile from Mizoram. GI product is recognised as originating from specific geographical origin possessing qualities or reputation related to its origin. This tag is exclusive and similar item originating from different location is not allowed to use it.

Key Facts

Tirur betel Leaf (Kerala): It is mainly cultivated in Tirur, Tanur, Tirurangadi, Kuttippuram, Malappuram and Vengara block panchayaths of Malappuram District of Kerala.  It is valued both for its mild stimulant action and medicinal properties. Though it is commonly used for making pan masala for chewing, it has many medicinal, industrial and cultural usages. It is considered as a remedy for bad breath and digestive disorders.

Tawlhlohpuan (Mizoram): It is compactly woven fabric from Mizoram. It is known for warp yarns, warping, weaving and intricate designs that are made by hand. It holds high significance in Mizo society. It is produced throughout Mizoram, especially in Aizawl and Thenzawl town which are main centres of production.

Mizo Puanchei (Mizoram): It is colourful Mizo shawl considered essential by most women from State and common costume in Mizo festive dances and official ceremonies. It is made by weavers by inserting designs and motifs by using supplementary yarns while weaving to create this beautiful and alluring textile.