IMR Current Affairs - 2019
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The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is jointly published by Concern worldwide and Welthungerhilfe. The score if the index is calculated by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). It measures and tracks hunger at regional, national and global levels. The 2019 Global Hunger Index measures hunger of 117 countries. India was ranked 102nd and was the lowest ranked among ranked among South Asian countries. The rest were ranked 66, 94, etc. Especially, India was far behind as compared to the BRICS nations.
The GHI score is based on the proportion of country’s child population that is undernourished, children who are under 5 years of age and have insufficient weight for their height, Infant Mortality Rate (IMR under 5 years old children) and children whose height is not commensurate to their age
Key findings of the report
- India was at rank 93 in 2015 and has slipped places terribly
- Pakistan had pulled ahead and was at rank 94.
- Among the BRICS nations, Brazil topped on 18th rank, followed by Russia on 22nd, China on 25th, followed by South Africa (59), Sri Lanka (66), Nepal (73), Bangladesh (88), Pakistan (94), and India (102).
- India’s child wasting is extremely high at 20.8%
- Only 9.6% of children (6 to 23 months) were fed minimum acceptable diet
The report praised Bangladesh and Nepal for their progresses.
Tags: Acute Hunger • Global Hunger Index • Global Hunger Index 2019 • Hunger • IMR
SUMAN scheme – Surakshit Matritva Aashwasan scheme was launched by the Union Minister Dr Harsha Vardhan at the conference of Central Council of Health and Family Welfare. The scheme provides free medicines for pregnant women. It focuses to bring down the Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) and Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) in the country.
- Under the scheme the mother up to 6 months after delivery and the sick new born will be able to avail free health care benefits
- All the beneficiaries visiting the health care under the scheme are entitled to free services. It includes
- At least four ante – natal check up
- One check up during the 1st trimester
- One check up under Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan
- Iron Folic acid supplementation
- Tetanus Diphtheria injection
- Six home based new born care visits
- Free transport will be provided from home to the health institutions by GoI.
- Referral services are to be offered under the scheme with the scope of reaching the health facilities within an hour of critical emergencies
- Zero expenses for C – section facilities in case of complications during pregnancy.
India’s maternal mortality rate has declined from 254 per 1 lakh births in 2004 – 06 to 130 per 1 lakh births in 2014 – 16. The IMR has come down as well. It was 66 per 1,000 live births in 2001 and is now 34 in 2016.