India-ADB Current Affairs - 2019

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India ADB sign 190 million USD loan

On 12 October, 2019, the GoI signed a 190 million USD loan with the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to upgrade road transport in the state of Rajasthan. The project includes upgrading of 754 km of state highways, major district roads to two lane. The project will benefit 26 million people in 14 districts of Rajasthan.

The project also includes construction of more than 200 bus stops and 2 km of raised side walk.

In 2017, the bank offered 220 million USD of loan to upgrade 1,000 km of road.

India and ADB

India is one of the founding members of the ADB. It is the fourth largest shareholder in the bank. In 1980s and 1990s the bank supported the government’s program of industrialization. India got its first loan from the bank in 1986 as Industrial credit to introduce new technologies and to modernize medium-sized industries.

About ADB

The bank was established in 1966. The headquarters of the bank is located in Philippines. The bank was modeled close to World Bank. Every year ADB releases an annual report that summarizes its budget, operations and other materials for review by the public.

ADB is a UN observer. Japan and US hold the largest shares of the bank as of 2016. China is the third largest shareholder followed by India and Australia.

India, ADB sign $200-million loan agreement for upgrading rural roads in Maharashtra

India and Asian Development Bank (ADB) signed 200-million dollar loan agreement for upgrading rural roads in 34 districts of Maharashtra with the objective of improving road safety and better connecting rural areas with markets and services. The agreement was signed between Sameer Kumar Khare, Additional Secretary, Department of Economic Affairs (DEA) in Union Ministry of Finance and Sabyasachi Mitra, Deputy Country Director of ADB’s India Resident Mission.

Key Highlights about ADB Project

Need: In 2016-17 Maharashtra accounted for about 15% of gross domestic product (GDP) but economic development in the state is concentrated around urban centres of Mumbai, Pune, and Thane. About 20 million people (or 17% per cent of state’s population) still live below national poverty line, while in some districts mainly in rural areas it is as high as 40%. Also, Maharashtra’s agriculture accounts for about 47% of employment, engages as much as 79% of rural labour force, and contributes 11% to state GDP.

Features:

Under the project the roads in rural areas will improve the condition of about 2100 kilometres of rural roads to all-weather standards. This will boost links between local residents and economic centres across the state.

The project will also work with Maharashtra Rural Road Development Association (MRRDA), the rural infrastructure agency, to develop road safety, road asset management, contract management, and climate resilient design. The loan provided by ADB is accompanied with a technical assistance grant of $1 million to support MRRDA to improve its management performance in these areas.

Total cost of project: is $296 million and out of this government will provide $96 million. The project is due for completion at end of September 2024.

Importance: The upgraded roads under ADB project will improve rural connectivity, boost links between local residents, productive agricultural land, and economic centers across the state. This will further help enhance agricultural productivity and incomes, rural livelihoods and alleviate poverty.