International Day of Forests Current Affairs - 2019

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International Day of Forests 2019

International Day of Forests 2019 was observed on March 21st with the theme ‘Forests and Education’ to raise awareness on how sustainably managed forests provide a wide array of contributions.

International Day of Forests 2019 promotes education to Learn to Love Forests. The theme ‘Forests and Education’ underscores the importance of education at all levels in achieving sustainable forest management and biodiversity conservation. Healthy forests mean healthy, resilient communities and prosperous economies.

International Day of Forests

March 21st was established as International Day of Forests by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) on November 28, 2012. International Day of Forests was observed for the first time on March 21, 2013.

International Forest Day celebrates and raises awareness of the importance of all types of forests. On the occasion of International Day of Forests, countries are encouraged to undertake local, national and international efforts to organize activities involving forests and trees, such as tree planting campaigns.

The theme of the International Day of Forests provides an opportunity to highlight specific forest contributions to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development by considering topics of the annual sessions of the High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development.

21 March: International Day of Forests

Every year 21st March is being observed as International Day of Forests to raise awareness of the importance of all types of forests and of trees outside forests.

The observance of the day is also used to communicate the vital role forests play in to sustain and protect us i.e. in environmental sustainability, food security and poverty eradication.

Theme for 2016:Forests and water”. The theme highlights importance of forests as key factor to the planet’s supply of freshwater, which is essential for life. It also marks the joint celebration of the International Day of Forests and World Water Day (22nd March).

Background

The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) had proclaimed 21 March the International Day of Forests by adopting resolution A/RES/67/200 on 28 November 2012. The first International Day of Forests was observed on 21 March 2013.

Key facts

  • Forests cover one third (about 31% of global land area) of the Earth’s land mass, performing vital functions around the world.
  • Being the most biologically-diverse ecosystems on land, forests are a home for more than 80% of the terrestrial species of animals, plants and insects.
  • Around the world, 1.6 billion people including more than 2,000 indigenous cultures depend on forests for their livelihood.
  • Despite all of these priceless ecological, economic, social and health benefits of forests, the global deforestation continues at an alarming.
  • Deforestation accounts for 12 to 20% of the global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that contribute to climate change.
  • Water Sources: Forested watersheds and wetlands supply around 75% of the world’s accessible freshwater. Forests generally act as natural water filters.
  • About one-third of the world’s largest cities obtain a significant proportion of their drinking water directly from forested protected areas.
  • Climate change is altering forests role in water flows and the availability of water resources.