Irrigation Current Affairs - 2019
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Union Government has signed $375 million loan agreement with Asian Development Bank (ADB) for Madhya Pradesh Irrigation Efficiency Improvement Project. The project will contribute to double farming incomes in Madhya Pradesh by expanding irrigation networks and system efficiency.
Madhya Pradesh Irrigation Efficiency Improvement Project
It will develop 125,000 hectares of new, highly efficient and climate resilient irrigation networks. It will also improve water use efficiency in more than 400 villages and benefit over 800,000 people in the state. It will also support institutional innovations through introduction of design-build-operate contracting approach. It will also help farmers to adopt micro-irrigated agriculture including high-value crops. The ADB funds will be used to develop a large-scale pressurized and automated irrigation system for boosting irrigation efficiency.
It focuses on two large irrigation systems
- Kundalia irrigation project: It will develop 125,000 ha of new and highly efficient and climate resilient irrigation networks. The work that will be undertaken includes building two large pumping stations pumping water to distribution chambers where water will be distributed through a network of buried pipes to farm outlets.
- Sanjay Sarovar Irrigation Project: Under it comprehensive modernization feasibility study will be prepared and other preparatory work for soundly designed project.
Asian Development Bank (ADB)
ADB is a regional development bank based out of Asia. It aims to promote social and economic development in Asia by achieving a prosperous, inclusive, resilient, and sustainable Asia and the Pacific, while sustaining its efforts to eradicate extreme poverty.
It was established in December 1966. It is headquartered at Ortigas Centre in Manila, Philippines. ADB’s main objective is to assist its members and partners, by providing loans, technical assistance, grants, and equity investments to promote social and economic development.
It has total 67 members, of which 48 are from within Asia and the Pacific and 19 outside. ADB has been modelled closely on the lines World Bank. It has similar weighted voting system where votes are distributed in proportion with members’ capital subscriptions.
Tags: ADB • Irrigation • Madhya Pradesh • Madhya Pradesh Irrigation Efficiency Improvement Project • National
CCEA approves Special Package for Irrigation Projects in drought prone areas of Vidarbha, Marathwada
Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has approved implementation of Centrally Sponsored-Scheme for completion of 83 minor irrigation projects and 8 major or medium irrigation projects in Maharashtra’s drought prone areas of Vidharbha, Marathawada regions.
The special package aims to create additional potential of 3.77 lakh hectares in these drought prone areas. It will ensure assured source of water to farmers in command area of these projects. This will increase yield of their crops and thereby increase the income of the farmers.
The projects included under special package will be funded under Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana- Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (PMKSY-AIBP) and are planned to be completed by December 2019. Progress of projects will be monitored by State as well as Central Water Commission (CWC).
The overall balance cost of projects is estimated to be Rs. 13,651.61 crore. Central Assistance for implementation of these projects will be Rs. 3,831.41 crore and rest will be provided by State Government which may be arranged through NABARD (National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development).
On completion of these projects, utilization of irrigation potential of about 3.77 lakh ha will transform agriculture scenario of these drought prone region resulting in generation of substantially more employment opportunities through increase in cropping intensity, change in cropping pattern, agro processing and other ancillary activities. It will result employment generation of approximately 341 lakh man-days for unskilled, semi-skilled and skilled workers.
Maharashtra has experienced hydrological and agricultural drought during three years period from 2012 to 2016. The situation was worst in Vidharbha and Marathawada region with high incidence rate of suicides by farmers. Besides, these regions, drought prone areas (DPA) in rest of the state also had experienced distress in recent years. These irrigation projects are ongoing projects, but they were languishing due to fund constraints.