Jawaharlal Nehru Current Affairs - 2019

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Rajasthan Day 2019

Rajasthan Day is celebrated every year on March 30 to commemorate the day on which the state of Rajasthan came into existence. Rajasthan Day commemorates the valour, strong willpower and sacrifice of the people of Rajasthan. Rajasthan earlier known as Rajputana came into existence on March 30, 1949.

Rajasthan which is the largest state of India in terms of the area, before Independence comprised of around 21 small and big princely states. The princely states were annexed to the union of India on 15th August 1947 but their unification could be accomplished only later. A brief outline of Rajasthan unification is detailed below:

Matsya Union

The four princely states of Alwar, Bharatpur, Dhaulpur, and Karauli formed the Matsya Union and it was inaugurated on 17th March 1948.

Rajasthan Union

Rajasthan Union came into existence by the union of states namely Banswara, Bundi, Dungarpur, Jhalawar, Kishangarh, Pratapgarh, Shahpura, Tonk, and Kota on 25th March 1948.

United State of Rajasthan

The Maharana of Udaipur decided to join the Rajasthan Union just three days after the formation of Rajasthan Union. The United State of Rajasthan was inaugurated by Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru on 18th April 1948.

Greater Rajasthan

States like Bikaner, Jaisalmer, Jaipur, and Jodhpur got merged and formed Greater Rajasthan on 30th March 1949 which was inaugurated by Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel.

Later Rajasthan was further reorganised by the merger of Matsya Union on May 15th, 1949, Sirohi joined Rajasthan on January 26th, 1950 and annexation of Ajmer-Merwara region in November 1956. Later Madhya Pradesh’s Bhanpura tehsil and Abu of Gujrat also merged with Rajasthan.

Raghuram Rajan to Get Yashwantrao Chavan National Award

Raghuram Rajan, former governor of RBI has been chosen for the ‘Yashwantrao Chavan National Award 2018’ by Yashwantrao Chavan Prathisthan for his contribution to economic development. Raghuram Rajan will be presented with the award at the 106th birth anniversary of Yashwantrao Chavan on March 12.

Raghuram Rajan is credited with steering Indian economy during turbulent times during the post-global financial crisis period. He is credited for positioning Indian currency as among the best-performing emerging markets amid a global currency rout against the dollar as emerging markets witness a major capital flight not seen since the collapse of Lehman Brothers in 2008. During his tenure in RBI, he oversaw some key reforms in monetary policy management and in the administration of the central bank.

Raghuram Rajan had also served as the chief economist of IMF and had famously predicted the 2008 financial crisis in 2005.

Yashwantrao Chavan Prathisthan

After the death of Yashwantrao Chavan, Yashwantrao Chavan Prathisthan was constituted by his followers and associates to take forward his works.

Yashwantrao Chavan was the first Chief Minister of State of Maharashtra and has also served as Deputy Prime Minister of India in the cabinet of Prime Minister Charan Singh between 1979-1980.

Born on 12 March 1913 in Devrashtre village of Satara District of Maharashtra, Yashwantrao Chavan was largely influenced by the Indian freedom struggle movements. He had participated in the Non-cooperation movement and Quit India movement. During the course of time, he become closely associated with leaders like  Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Patel. After Independence, he held several important positions in the government of Maharashtra and in the government of India. Yashwantrao Chavan died of a heart attack on 25 November 1984.

The Yashwantrao Chavan National Award constituted by the Yashwantrao Chavan Prathisthan honours individuals and institutions for their outstanding contribution to national integration, and social and economic development.