Krishi Vigyan Kendras Current Affairs - 2019

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PM Modi launched National Artificial Insemination Programme

Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the National Artificial Insemination Programme at Mathura, Uttar Pradesh. He also launched a country wide workshop in all Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) in all 687 Districts of country on vaccination, disease management, Artificial Insemination and Productivity.

The National Artificial Insemination Programme was launched on sidelines with ‘Swachhta Hi Seva’ Programme, 2019 and National Animal Disease Control Programme (NADCP) at Mathura.

Significance

During the launch of National Artificial Insemination Programme, PM Modi emphasized that to expand the Dairy and farming sector in India, research and better technology are the need of the hour.

Government has also launched Startup Brand Challenge so that these innovations and new technology could come from villages and will work towards farmers’ welfare and employment generation.

Since Animal Husbandry and other allied activities have a greater role to play in increasing farmers’ income therefore investments in Animal Husbandry, Fisheries and bee-keeping will bring in more returns.

PM Modi to launch National Animal Disease Control Programme

In one of the major efforts towards doubling farmers income and empowering farmers, Prime Minister Narendra Modi will be launching National Animal Disease Control Programme (NADCP) on 11 September 2019 from Mathura in Uttar Pradesh. The NADCP aims towards eradicating Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) and Brucellosis in the livestock.

Key Highlights

During his visit to Mathura PM Modi will also launch National Artificial Insemination Programme on 11 September. He shall also be taking up Swachhta Hi Seva Programme.

He is also expected to simultaneously launch of nationwide workshops in Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVK) in all the 687 Districts of country on topic of vaccination, disease management, artificial insemination and productivity.

About National Animal Disease Control Programme

Objective: The programme aims to-

  1. Vaccinate more than 500 Million Livestock including cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats and pigs against Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD).
  2. Vaccinate 36 Million Female Bovine Calves annually in its fight against Brucellosis disease.

Two components of Programme

(1) Controlling of diseases by 2025

(2) Eradication of by 2030

Funds: The programme 100% funding from Central Government, of Rs.12,652 Crores for a period of 5 years till 2024. Earlier, Centre and state governments used to contribute funds in ratio of 60:40.

Coverage: Scheme envisages vaccination coverage to 30 crore bovines (cows-bulls and buffaloes) and 20 crore sheep or goat and 10 million pigs.

Need: The disease of FMD and brucellosis are common among livestock such as- cow, buffaloes, bulls, pigs, sheep and goats. Both the diseases have a direct negative impact on trade of milk and other livestock products.

As per government data if a cow or buffalo gets infected with FMD, the milk loss is up to 100% which could last for4-6 months. In case of Brucellosis, the milk output reduces by 30% during entire life cycle of animal and also causes infertility among animals. Also, the infection of brucellosis can also be transmitted to farm workers and livestock owners.