Maharashtra Rural Road Development Association Current Affairs - 2019

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India, ADB sign $200-million loan agreement for upgrading rural roads in Maharashtra

India and Asian Development Bank (ADB) signed 200-million dollar loan agreement for upgrading rural roads in 34 districts of Maharashtra with the objective of improving road safety and better connecting rural areas with markets and services. The agreement was signed between Sameer Kumar Khare, Additional Secretary, Department of Economic Affairs (DEA) in Union Ministry of Finance and Sabyasachi Mitra, Deputy Country Director of ADB’s India Resident Mission.

Key Highlights about ADB Project

Need: In 2016-17 Maharashtra accounted for about 15% of gross domestic product (GDP) but economic development in the state is concentrated around urban centres of Mumbai, Pune, and Thane. About 20 million people (or 17% per cent of state’s population) still live below national poverty line, while in some districts mainly in rural areas it is as high as 40%. Also, Maharashtra’s agriculture accounts for about 47% of employment, engages as much as 79% of rural labour force, and contributes 11% to state GDP.

Features:

Under the project the roads in rural areas will improve the condition of about 2100 kilometres of rural roads to all-weather standards. This will boost links between local residents and economic centres across the state.

The project will also work with Maharashtra Rural Road Development Association (MRRDA), the rural infrastructure agency, to develop road safety, road asset management, contract management, and climate resilient design. The loan provided by ADB is accompanied with a technical assistance grant of $1 million to support MRRDA to improve its management performance in these areas.

Total cost of project: is $296 million and out of this government will provide $96 million. The project is due for completion at end of September 2024.

Importance: The upgraded roads under ADB project will improve rural connectivity, boost links between local residents, productive agricultural land, and economic centers across the state. This will further help enhance agricultural productivity and incomes, rural livelihoods and alleviate poverty.

ADB to provide $200 Million loan for improving road infrastructure in Maharashtra

Asian Development Bank (ADB) has approved US $200 million loan for Road Infrastructure Improving project in Maharashtra’s 34 districts for better connecting rural areas with markets and services.  The proceeds of loan from ADB will be used for upgrading roads in rural areas of these districts to all-weather standards for boosting links between local residents and economic centres across the state.

ADB Project for improving road infrastructure

Its total cost is US $296 million, of which State Government will provide US $96 million. It will be implemented by ADB and Maharashtra Rural Road Development Association (MRRDA). It will be completed by end of September 2024. Its major components are developing road safety, road asset management, contract management, and climate resilient design.

Benefits of project: It will help to boost links between local residents, productive agricultural land and economic centers across the state. It will also help in improving farmers’ access to markets, which in turn will help to boost agricultural productivity and incomes of farmers as well as promote investment in agribusiness and agriculture value chain infrastructure.

About Asian Development Bank (ADB)

It is multilateral lending agency and regional development bank. It was established in December 1966 and is headquartered in Manila, Philippines. It envisions inclusive, resilient, prosperous, and sustainable Asia and Pacific and aims towards sustaining efforts to eradicate extreme poverty in region. At present there are 68 member nation of ADB (including India) which includes 49 from Asia-Pacific region and 19 from outside. It is collectively owned by its member and is closely modeled on World Bank (WB). It member countries have similar weighted voting system and votes are distributed in proportion with member’s capital subscriptions to bank.