Martyrs Day Current Affairs - 2019

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Rajasthan Health Department wins WHO’s Award for Tobacco Control

The World Health Organisation (WHO) awarded Rajasthan government’s Medical & Health Department its Tobacco Control Award for year 2019 in recognition of Rajasthan’s achievements in the field of tobacco control.

Key Highlights

  • The Award was conferred by WHO on occasion of World No Tobacco Day (celebrated on 31 May 2019) at a function in New Delhi.
  • Background: Every year WHO recognizes various individuals and institutions worldwide and in each of six WHO regions for their accomplishments in area of tobacco control. For this year’s prestigious award WHO selected total 33 institutions and individuals across world including five organisations from the South-East Asian (SEA) region viz. India, Thailand and Indonesia. The two institutes selected from India (in SEA region) includes Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute (in New Delhi) and Rajasthan’s Health Department.
  • Rajathan’s Medical and Health Department was the only government body in country which was awarded for its tobacco-free initiatives.

Rajasthan’s Tobacco Campaigns

  • During year 2018-19, Rajasthan’s Medical & Health Department launched several campaigns against tobacco consumption at places like schools, colleges, police stations and government offices.
  • Pledge Initiative: On 30 January 2019 which marks the Martyrs’ Day (or Sarvodaya Day), state government undertook tobacco-free initiatives in which 1.13 crore people took pledge against tobacco consumption at events held in 1.56 lakh government institutions and people were also made aware about ill-effects of tobacco consumption.
  • Tobacco Free Premises Initiative: Health Department in coordination with other departments has developed tobacco-free premises near anganwadi centres, educational institutions and health facilities to ensure that no tobacco product is sold within 100 yards of these places.
  • Way Ahead: As Department’s efforts for tobacco control is now acknowledged internationally thus State government must affirm that it would keep striving to accomplish the goal of a “healthy Rajasthan”.

India observes Shaheed Diwas

On March 23rd, India observed Shaheed Divas or Martyr’s Day as a tribute to the Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru on their death anniversary. The supreme sacrifice of these revolutionaries continues to inspire generations in India.

Sacrifice of Great Revolutionaries

Bhagat Singh along with his associates Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru were hanged to death for the killing 21-year-old British police officer John Saunders on March 23rd 1931.

The revolutionaries had mistaken Saunders for Superintendent James Scott, who was responsible for leading a lathi charge against Lala Lajpat Rai protesting against the Simon Commission. Lala Lajpat Rai famously referred to as Lion of Punjab had died due to the attack during the protests against the Simon Commission.

After escaping from the murder scene of Saunders, Bhagat Singh with his associate Batukeshwar Dutt had bombed the Delhi Central Assembly against the passing of two repressive bills, the Public Safety Bill and the Trade Dispute Bill. The bombs were designed to be harmless and aimed at drawing attention. Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt had surrendered themselves to police after the incident.

January 30

January 30 which marks the death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi is also observed as the Martyrs Day to honour our brave martyrs who have sacrificed their lives for the country.