Ministry of Environment Forests and Climate Change Current Affairs - 2019
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The Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change has amended the Hazardous and other Wastes (Management and Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2016 to completely ban the import of solid plastic waste.
Ban on Imports
- The amendment notified by the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change fixes a loophole which previously allowed the import of plastic waste into India for processing.
- The ban on the import of plastics is in lines with the principles of sustainable development.
- To ensure the ban doesn’t adversely impact the ease of doing business the amendment allows the reverse import of defective electrical and electronic assemblies and components manufactured in and exported from India, within a year of export. The reverse import can be undertaken without any prior permission from the Environment Ministry.
- The Hazardous and other waste management rules also provide an exemption to the exporters of Silk waste from requiring permission from the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
India is exploring various options to discourage the use of single-use plastics and also is emphasising the recycling of the plastic waste to reduce the burden on the environment thereby providing economic benefits.
Tags: Ban on Plastic • Hazardous and other Wastes (Management and Transboundary Movement) Rules 2016 • Ministry of Environment Forests and Climate Change • Plastic Import
India will collaborate with Bhutan, Nepal, Indonesia and Malaysia to increase the population of three species of Asian Rhinos namely Greater one-horned rhinoceros, Javan rhino, and Sumatran rhino.
India, Bhutan, Nepal, Indonesia and Malaysia have signed the New Delhi Declaration on Asian Rhinos 2019 declaration for the conservation and protection of the species at the Second Asian Rhino Range Countries Meet organised by the Environment, Forest and Climate Change Ministry in collaboration with IUCN Asian Rhino Specialist Group, WWF- India and Aaranyak.
Fact Box: IUCN Status
Greater One-Horned Rhinoceros: Vulnerable
Javan Rhinoceros: Critically Endangered
Sumatran Rhinoceros: Critically Endangered
New Delhi Declaration on Asian Rhinos 2019
The 12 point strategic actions outlined under the declaration are:
- To collaborate for strengthening protection regimes, strategic information gathering, and real-time sharing of actionable information on rhino crime and its horn trade to secure the rhino population within and between range countries.
- To initiate research on various habitat parameters including invasive species threatening the suitable habitats of Asian rhinos and take appropriate steps to optimally manage the habitats.
- To explore possibilities of expanding rhino ranges within the country or between rhino range countries for optimal population management.
- To strengthen transboundary collaboration among India, Nepal, and Bhutan for the greater one-horned rhino conservation and protection.
- To identify connectivity and corridors across international boundaries and keep them functional, safe and secure for free movement of Asian rhinos and other wildlife.
- To increase the engagement of the local communities as stewards to secure the future of rhinos in range countries.
- To initiate proactive monitoring on potential adverse impacts of climate change on rhino health and their habitats in range countries.
- To undertake studies on Rhino health issues & potential diseases and take necessary steps for management intervention.
- To regularly organize exposure visits for managers and frontline staffs of the rhino range countries and to document the best practices for wider dissemination.
- To collaborate and strengthen wildlife forensics for the purpose of investigation.
- To accelerate natural and conservation breeding of critically endangered Sumatran rhino including best use of all available individuals and technologies.
- To call to the attention of all countries that possible opening of international trade of rhino horn and other derivatives will have a severe detrimental impact on rhino populations in Asian rhino range countries.
On the occasion, Union Minister for Environment, Forests and Climate Change re-affirmed India’s commitment towards rhino conservation in India and added that national strategy will further pave the path for long term conservation of the Greater One-Horned Rhinos in India.