National Science Day Current Affairs - 2019

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PM confers Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prizes

Prime Minister Narendra Modi conferred Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prizes for the years 2016, 2017 and 2018 in New Delhi. Addressing the gathering the Prime Minister asked the scientific community to take advantage of the Fourth Industrial Revolution and develop technologies that will make India a global hub for manufacturing, knowledge and technology-based industries.

Eleven scientists including Dr Rishikesh Narayan of Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru and Dr Amalendu Krishna of Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai were awarded the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for 2016.

Ten scientists including Dr Deepak Gaur of Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi and Dr S Suresh Babu of Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre were given the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for 2017.

thirteen scientists including Dr Amit Kumar of IIT, Delhi and Dr Nitin Saxena, IIT, Kanpur were awarded Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for 2018.

Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize

Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology was instituted in the year 1957, in the memory of late Dr (Sir) Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar, the founder director of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research(CSIR). It is the most coveted national recognition bestowed upon young scientists and engineers to honour their research and developmental work in India.

The prize is awarded each year on the National Science Day by the by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) for conspicuously important and outstanding contributions to human knowledge and progress, made through work done primarily in India during the five years.

Prize comprising of a citation, a cash award of Five Lakh rupees and a plaque is given to the research in the following disciplines viz. Biological Sciences, Chemical Sciences, Medical Sciences, Physical Sciences, Mathematical Sciences, Engineering Sciences and Earth, Atmosphere, Ocean and Planetary Science.

Any citizen of India engaged in research in any field of science and technology up to the age of 45 years is eligible to be nominated.

HRD Launches STARS scheme on National Science Day

The Union Human Resource Minister Prakash Javadekar launched the STARS scheme on National Science Day (28th February).

STAR Scheme

  • STARS is an acronym for Scheme for Translational and Advanced Research in Science to fund Science projects.
  • The scheme will be implemented at the cost of Rs 250 crores.
  • Under the scheme 500 science projects will be funded whose selection will be made based on competition.
  • IISC will be the coordinator of the scheme.

National Science Day: 28th February

The National Science Day is celebrated on 28th February every year in the memory of Indian physicist and a Nobel laureate Sir C.V. Raman. The National Day of Science is celebrated on 28th February to commemorate the discovery of Raman Effect for which he was awarded Nobel Prize in the year 1930. The theme of the 2019 National Science Day is Science for people and people for science.

Raman Effect

Raman Effect refers to the inelastic scattering of a photon by molecules which are excited to higher vibrational or rotational energy levels. Part of the light beam after passing through transparent medium gets scattered and the wavelength of these scattered rays is different from that of the incident rays of light. This phenomenon of scattering of light is termed as Raman Scattering and the cause of scattering is called the Raman Effect.