Naxalism Current Affairs - 2019

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Union Government to redraw Red Corridor

The Union Government is planning to redraw Red Corridor by reducing the number of Maoist (LWE: Left wing extremism) affected districts by about a fifth.

In this regard, approximately 20 of the 106 districts which have been described as being Maoist-affected and are part of the Red Corridor may be removed from the list.

Consequences: Once these districts are taken off the list of Red Corridor, the financial aid made available to these districts annually for various developmental works will dry up.

Key facts

  • The Red Corridor is a region in the eastern part of India that experiences considerable Naxalite–Maoist insurgency.
  • There are 106 districts spanning across 10 States in the Red Corridor.’ Of these, 44 districts are worst-affected.
  • These 10 states are Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Telangana, Odisha, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh.
  • Union Government adds districts into Red Corridor by taking into considerations (i) Their violence profile. (ii) Assessment of logistical and other support provided to armed Maoist cadres by their sympathisers and ground worker (iii) Positive changes brought about by development work that these districts have seen.

Union Home Ministry approves 17 new police battalions for J&K, Naxal-hit states

Union Home Ministry has approved to raise seventeen new police battalions in Jammu and Kashmir and the Naxal-hit states.

Of these 17 police battalions, 5 battalions will be for Jammu and Kashmir and 12 for the Maoist-affected states. In this regard central government will provide financial assistance which is around 61 crore rupees. 75 per cent of the required will be provided by the central government.

In case of Naxal-hit states, 75 per cent vacancies in these battalions will be filled up by youths from the 27 worst-affected districts. While in case of Jammu and Kashmir, the recruitment process will concentrate on insurgency prone areas.

Presently, there are 144 India Reserve Battalions in various states. In addition, Union Government recently has approved raising 8 additional India Reserve (IR) Battalions, four each for Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.