Nirbhaya Fund Current Affairs - 2019
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Union Ministry of Women and Child Development will be setting up anti-human trafficking units in all districts of the country with the help of Nirbhaya Fund. The announcement in this regard was made by Minister of Women and Child Development Smriti Irani.
Besides these anti-human trafficking units, women help desks will also be set up in all police stations across the country using Nirbhaya Fund. The initiative is an example of interdepartmental cooperation leading to effective governance in the country.
The recommendation to set up anti-human trafficking units and women help desks (WHDs) was given by the Empowered Committee (EC) under Nirbhaya framework chaired by WCD Secretary Rabindra Panwar on 22 October 2019.
All the anti-human trafficking units and women help desks will be set up at a cost of Rs.100 crores each which will be fully funded by the centre.
This initiative will strengthen women safety as well as will instill a greater sense of security among them. The step will also go a long way in addressing women and children safety in the country.
About Nirbhaya Fund
The fund was announced by the Centre in 2013 to support the initiatives of government and Non-Governmental Organisation (NGOs) working towards the safety of women.
The fund is a corpus of Rs. 10 billion and is administered by Finance Ministry’s Department of Economic Affairs (DEA). While the Women and Child Development Ministry, along with several other concerned ministries, will work out details of structure, scope and application of Nirbhaya fund.
Tags: anti-human trafficking units • Ministry of Women and Child Development • Nirbhaya Fund • Smriti Irani • women help desks
According to recent media reports, not much progress has been made in making cities safer for women even one year after launch of Safe City programme. It highlights poor guidelines and improper utilization of funds and focus on general elections as main reasons for it.
About Safe City programme
- It was launched with objective of strengthening safety and security of women in public places.
- It is being implemented by Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) in consultation with Ministry of Women and Child Development (MoW&CD), Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Ministry of Information Technology (MeitY), respective Municipal & Police Commissioners of cities and civil society organizations.
- Initially it was launched in 8 cities, which include Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Lucknow, Chennai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad and Ahmedabad. Lucknow was first city in country to clear the project in In November 2018.
- It was approved with total cost of Rs.194.44 crore under Nirbhaya Fund Scheme (by empowered Committee of officers for Nirbhaya funds). It is implemented as Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) with Centre and State sharing fund in 60:40 ratio.
- It includes identifying crime hotspots and placing them under CCTV coverage, drone-based surveillance, deployment of automated number plate reading (ANPR) equipment through an integrated smart control room.
Major component of Safe City Project
- Setting an Integrated Smart Control Room.
- Setting Pink Out-posts (exclusively administered by Women police) for facilitating ease of filing complaint by women; Pink Patrols of Women police.
- Setting Women Help Desks in all Police Stations with Counsellors.
- Augmentation of existing Asha Jyoti Kendra.
- Implementing Safety measures in buses, including Cameras.
- Improving Street Lighting in identified crime Hotspot areas.
- Setting up Pink Toilets.
- Integratig Women power-help line with single Emergency number ‘112’
Safe City Project, Lucknow:
- Helpline 1090 was launched in Uttar Pradesh to prevent atrocities against women.
- Gender sensitization awareness campaigns etc.
It was set up by UPA government with an initial corpus of Rs. 1,000 crore after horrific gang rape of young woman in New Delhi in December 2012. Nirbhaya is the name she was referred to by media, and fund seeks to ensure safety of women across country. In past years, fund amount has increased to Rs. 3,600 crore, but according to reports money isnot being used.
The government launched Safe City Implementation Monitoring Portal with aim of monitoring safe city project, as aid in online tracking of deployment of assets and infrastructure.