Odia Current Affairs - 2019
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The state of Odisha celebrates Odisha Divas or Utkala Divas every year on April 1st to commemorate the state formation day. On this day 82 years ago, Orissa (now Odisha) was established as a province of British India.
- In 1912, Bihar and Orissa had been separated from Bengal to form the Bihar and Orissa Province.
- In 1936, Bihar and Orissa Province was itself split to form Bihar Province and Orissa Province.
- On 1 April 1936, the new province Orissa came into being with Sir John Austin Hubback, Indian Civil Servant (ICS), as the Governor.
- Orissa was the first linguistic province in the country.
- After Independence, the area of Orissa was almost doubled and the population was increased by a third with the addition of 24 former princely states.
- The name of the state was changed from Orissa to Odisha, and the name of its language from Oriya to Odia, in 2011.
Known centuries ago as Kalinga, the state of Odisha has displayed exemplary courage in resisting the might of the Mauryas in the Kalinga War. Home to Lord Jagannath, state of Odisha has a fifth of India’s coal, a quarter of its iron ore, a third of its bauxite reserves and much of the country’s art and culture.
Tags: Bengal • Bihar • British India • Kalinga • Odia
Odisha Governor Dr SC Jamir has promulgated Odisha Official Language (Amendment) Ordinance, 2016 to ensure use of Odia in all government systems.
The ordinance was promulgated as per provisions of the Article 213 of the Constitution.
It empowers the state government to formulate laws to implement Odisha Official Language Act, 1954.
It will amend the Language Act and use Odia in the official businesses of the Government including in writing files, letters and all other official documents.
Constitutional provision of Official Language
Article 345 of the Constitution deals with Official language or languages of a state which empowers state legislature to adopt ‘any one or more of the languages in use in the State or Hindi as the language or languages to be used for all or any of the official purposes’ of the concerned State.