PM STIAC Current Affairs - 2019

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Government and IIT-Delhi signs MoU to set up a Centre of Excellence for Waste to Wealth Technologies 

To commemorate 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi on 2 October 2019, the Office of Principal Scientific Adviser (PSA) to Government of India and Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IIT Delhi) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) in a move to come together and to bring best of science and technology to implement waste management by setting up a Centre of Excellence for Waste to Wealth Technologies in India.

Key Highlights

  • The waste to wealth mission project has been approved under Prime Minister’s Science Technology and Innovation Advisory Council (PM-STIAC).
  • The GoI and IIT-Delhi partnership will provide an effective platform for stakeholders to bring together integrated approaches for effective recycle, reuse and resource recovery of waste.
  • IIT Delhi had already identified waste to wealth as a focus area and many of its faculty members are already working on a variety of projects related to waste management.
  • The focus is to consolidate all possible Waste to Wealth Technologies, learn from best practices followed worldwide, and implement them at ground level at Indian cities.

Centre of Excellence for Waste to Wealth Technologies

It will work for implementation of sustainable, scientific and technological solutions for waste management, by validating and deploying available technologies for transformation of waste to wealth.

It will work on two terms of Objective:

  1. The immediate goal: is to set up an on-site pilot projects. This would effectively and successfully demonstrate proof of concept of technology under Indian condition. For this, technologies available with various national and international academias, industries, research laboratories and other agencies will be implemented.

It will be carried out by a strong collaborating network between IIT Delhi, and other national and international stakeholders under the aegis of PSA office.

  1. The long-term goal: is to streamline waste in India by creating circular economic models for waste management by using big data analytics and frontier technologies. The outcomes would involve waste treatment and generating different forms of energy, resulting in making India a waste free nation, with zero greenhouse gas (GHG) emission and no health hazard.

Under it, a waste to wealth programme management centre will also be set up at IIT Delhi.

Principal Scientific Adviser (PSA) office

  • It acts as a ‘think-tank’ and ‘action-tank’ for science, technology and innovation activities in India.
  • It plays a catalytic and synergistic role to strongly connect government ministry, academia and industry, in evolving appropriate policies, making recommendations for relevant scientific departments and ministries, and implementing scientific interventions in various sectors of national priority.

PM-STIAC

  • It is an overarching body with function of assessing, creating and implementing major scientific, technology and innovation interventions in India.
  • It has identified nine national missions to address major scientific challenges in India.
  • Through these nine missions, it aims to facilitate collaboration to solve complex problems and to ensure sustainable development.
  • Waste to wealth is one of the 9 Missions.

PM-STIAC Identifies Nine Missions

The Prime Minister’s Science, Technology and Innovation Council (PM-STIAC) has identified nine national missions to address major scientific challenges to ensure India’s sustainable development. Through the nine missions, the PM-STIAC aims to facilitate collaboration to solve complex problems.

Nine Missions Identified

Natural Language Translation

Through a combination of machine and human translation, the mission aims to enable access to teaching and research material bilingually i.e. in English and one’s native Indian language.

Quantum Frontier

This mission aims to initiate works in control of the quantum mechanical systems, with a large number of degrees of freedom, as one of the great contemporary challenges in fundamental science and technology.

Artificial Intelligence

The mission focuses on efforts that will benefit India in addressing societal needs in areas such as healthcare, education, agriculture, smart cities and infrastructure, including smart mobility and transportation

National Biodiversity Mission

This mission involves

  • Comprehensive documentation of India’s biodiversity with the potential for cataloguing and mapping all lifeforms in India including associated cultural and traditional practices.
  • Assessment of the distribution and conservation status of India’s biodiversity.
  • Development of a cadre of professionals adept at handling large sets of environmental data for management and monitoring of biodiversity.
  • Expansion of knowledge in ecosystem functioning that will inform restoration efforts.
  • Establishment of a vibrant biodiversity based economy on a solid foundation of reliable information, engagement with the public.
  • Enhanced options for agricultural production and livelihood security and the general well-being of society.
Electric Vehicles

The mission aims to reduce India’s fossil fuel emissions and mitigate emissions by making Electric Vehicles economical and scalable through focused research, development and innovation and building of indigenous capacity.

BioScience for Human Health

The mission through the use of healthy and disease samples aims to understand the impact of nature and nurture on health. The mission aims to construct comprehensive reference maps of genomes and to understand the dynamics of how exposure to different environments have an impact on our bodies.

Waste To Wealth

The mission aims to identify, develop and deploy technologies to treat waste to generate energy, recycle materials and extract worth. The mission will work to identify and support the development of new technologies that hold promise in creating a clean and green environment.

Deep Ocean Exploration

The mission aims to scientifically explore the deep oceans towards improving our understanding of the blue frontier. The information from this mission will address issues arising from long term changes in the ocean due to climate change.

Agnii

This mission aims to support the national efforts to boost the innovation ecosystem in the country by connecting innovators across the industry, individuals and the grassroots to the market and helping commercialise innovative solutions. It will provide a platform for innovators to bring their technology ready products and solutions to industry 6 and the market thereby helping propel techno-entrepreneurship which can usher a new era of inclusive socio-economic growth.