Population Current Affairs - 2019

Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link

Life expectancy highest in Jammu and Kashmir: RGI Data

According to the data given by the Registrar General of India (RGI), Jammu and Kashmir has the highest life expectancy (i.e. post-60 life expectancy), except life expectancy at birth.

With this, Jammu and Kashmir has surpassed Kerala which used to be the leader in life expectancy in almost all categories of age till 2010.

What is data about?

  • RGI’s Sample Registration System (SRS) had published state level life expectancy data prepared following surveys done between 2010 and 2014.
  • The data was released for different ages: 0 (at birth), 1, 5, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60 and 70. It had defined life expectancy as estimate of average number of additional years that a person of a given age can expect to live.
  • However this statistical system was confined only to 21 bigger states and UTs and it did not produce life expectancy numbers on 15 small states and UTs such as Arunachal Pradesh, Lakshadweep.

Key Facts

  • The data shows that Kerala still has the highest overall life expectancy at birth at 74.9 years. It is 72 for men and 77.8 for women.
  • Delhi is second, with an overall life expectancy at birth at 73.2 years. It is 72 for men and 74.7 for women.
  • Jammu and Kashmir stands at third and it had the second-highest life expectancy at birth. It is behind only Kerala even during 2006-10.

China officially abandons its One Child Policy by passing law

China has officially abandoned its One Child Policy amid deepening demographic crisis of shrinking workforce and aging population in the world’s second largest economy.

In this regard 159-member National People’s Congress Standing Committee, the top organ of China’s Parliament has passed revised Law on Population and Family Planning.

The new law allows couples to have two children from January 1, 2016 and marks the ending its over three decades old One Child Policy.

China’s One Child Policy

  • This forced policy was introduced in 1978 and was implemented since 1980 in order to curb the population and limit demands for water and other resources.
  • Its main aim was to rein in population growth in order to alleviate social, economic and environmental problems in China.
  • The controversial policy had restricted most of Chinese couples to only a single offspring and prevented over 400 million births in over 3 decade span.
  • Internationally it was criticized because it involved serious human rights violations including forced abortions and also was debated it has resulted in China’s economic boom.

Comment

  • The new law was adopted as part of China’s efforts to relax the family planning laws in a response to an ageing population and to manage the demography of the country.
  • This decision aims to help China to reduce its gender imbalance as the One Child Policy had caused a dramatic gender imbalance due to forced sterilizations, infanticide and sex-selective abortions.