Portugal Current Affairs - 2019
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Mohan Ranade, the Veteran freedom fighter who played a major role in Goa Liberation Movement in 1950s, recently died in Pune at 90 years of age.
About Mohan Ranade
He was born in 1929 at Sangli, Maharashtra. He was a lawyer by training and was greatly inspired by freedom fighters like Ganesh Damodar Savarkar and Vinayak Savarkar.
Fight for Goa: Ranade decided to dedicate his life to liberate Goa from clutches of Portuguese and thus he entered Goa in 1950 under disguise as a teacher and founded an organisation called Azad Gomantak Dal, which was to raise an armed revolt against Portuguese rule. He was injured during an attack on a police station at Beti in 1955 and was consequently arrested by Portuguese police.
After being arrested by Portuguese police in 1955, he was imprisoned at Fort of Caxias near Lisbon in Portugal where he was kept in solitary confinement for 6 years. Then in 1961 when Goa got liberated from Portuguese rule, Ranade was released in January 1969, after having spent 14 years in prison.
He received Goa Puraskar in 1986 for social work and was awarded the Padma Shri in 2001. He has also authored books on Goa liberation movement.
What is Goa Liberation Movement?
It was a movement which was aimed to end Portuguese colonial rule in Goa, India.
Initially, the movement was built on small scale revolts and uprisings of 19th century but grew powerful during 1940-1961 periods. In the end Portuguese control of its Indian colonies ended only when after failure of diplomacy with Portuguese, Government of India ordered Indian Armed Forces to take Goa by force.
Thus on 18 and 19 December 1961 military operation were conducted in which Indian troops invaded and captured Goa with little resistance. The governor-general of Portuguese India signed an instrument of surrender and incorporated Portuguese territories into Indian Union.
Tags: Azad Gomantak Dal • Fort of Caxias • Freedom Fighter Mohan Ranade • Ganesh Damodar Savarkar • Goa Liberation Movement
TVS Motor Company has bagged the international sustainability award Green Era Award for Sustainability in Lisbon, Portugal. Tata Motors also won the Quality and Business Excellence Award in acknowledgement of its endeavour to create new benchmarks in product quality.
Green Era Award for Sustainability
The Green Era Award for Sustainability was awarded at the Green Economy Forum held on 10th of February 2019 at Lisbon. The forum witnessed the participation of renewable energy firms, environmental agencies and green companies from the 5 continents. The nominees for the Green Era Award for Sustainability are based on the following criteria’s:
- Energy Efficiency – representing a reduction of specific energy consumption through general housekeeping measures, best practices, retrofitting inefficient equipment and new projects in the use of energy.
- Creativity & Innovation – in terms of demonstrated systems and processes, influencing energy technologies, opportunities with potential for further development and transferability to others and productivity of the operations while making sure that the ecological balance is not impacted.
- Increase of Renewable Energy share in the energy source portfolio – use of renewable energy such as solar, wind, biomass, biogas and other cleaner energy sources and gradual reduction of dependence on non-renewable energy sources.
- Economic, Social & Environmental Impact.
The Green Era Award for Sustainability recognises the true global exemplars who have been innovative and creative in pursuing the sustainable imperative. The awards are based on the conclusion of the research team of Otherways Management & Consulting, France.