river Kabini Current Affairs - 2019

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IUCN lists Hump-backed Mahseer as Critically Endangered

International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has listed Hump-backed Mahseer as Critically Endangered in the Red List of Threatened Species.

Hump-backed Mahseer

The Hump-backed Mahseer is a species of freshwater ray-finned fish and is referred to as tiger of the water. The Hump-backed Mahseer is found only in the Cauvery river basin including Pambar, Kabini and Bhavani rivers. There are about 16 species of mahseer in India.

There is a need for strong willingness and cooperation from a range of stakeholders in three states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka across the River Cauvery which is one of India’s most contested rivers.

Shoal, an international organisation working to conserve freshwater species has initiated ‘Project Mahseer’ in collaboration with other stakeholders to enable conservation action for the hump-backed mahseer.

Hornbill

Great hornbill which was earlier categorised as “Near Threatened”. It is now “Vulnerable” due to high hunting pressure coupled with habitat loss and deforestation. The wreathed hornbill has moved from “Least Concern” to “Vulnerable” by IUCN.

Fire at Bandipur Tiger Reserve

A major fire has broken out in the Bandipur Tiger Reserve and National Park in Chamarajanagar District of Karnataka. Hundreds of acres of forest area have been destroyed in the fire and the fire has even spread to the core area.

Due to the fire at the core area, huge damage and loss to the wildlife are expected. The strong winds are further causing a hindrance in controlling the fire.

Bandipur Tiger Reserve and National Park

Bandipur Tiger Reserve and National Park spread over an area of about 874.2 sq km is situated in the Chamarajanagar District of Karnataka. The National Park forms part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve.

Originally the Maharaja of Mysore created a sanctuary of 90 km2 (35 sq mi) in 1931 and named it the Venugopala Wildlife Park. Later in the year 1973 Came into existence with an addition of nearly 800 km2 (310 sq mi) to the Venugopala Wildlife Park.

The Bandipur National Park is surrounded by the river Kabini in the north, River Moyar in the south and the River Nugu runs through the park. The Gopalaswamy Betta which is a Hindu pilgrimage centre and it also forms part of the National Park. the park has a variety of biomes including dry deciduous forests, moist deciduous forests and shrublands.