Sustainable Development Goals Current Affairs - 2019

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September 27: World Tourism Day

The United Nations World Tourism Day is celebrated on September 27. The day aims at creating awareness on social, political, cultural and economic values among international community.

Background

The UNWTO – United Nations World Tour Organization has been celebrating World Tourism Day since 1980. The day was chosen because on this day, the UNWTO Statues were adopted.

Why is the chosen date appropriate?

UNWTO believes that the date is appropriate as it comes at the end of high tourist season in the northern hemisphere. In southern hemisphere it is the start of tourist season.

Tourism is at its peak during this season all over the world mainly because Earth is at Autumnal Equinox Position. It completes its Summer Solstice journey during this period. This makes the weather perfect for a tour in most of the regions on the earth.

How is the day celebrated?

UNWTO invites people world wide to participate in the celebrations. Usually a host country is chosen. Different competitions, tourism awards, presentations, photo competitions are organized.

THEME 2019: “Tourism and Jobs – A better future for all”

Tourism and jobs

The focus of UNWTO in 2019 is on education, skills and jobs. According to UNWTO, Tourism generates 10% of world jobs. Creating equitable employment is important to achieve social inclusion, peace and security.

According to ILO – International Labor Organization, more than 190 million are unemployed. Therefore, it is essential for every sector to create jobs. This can be achieved at faster rate by embracing new technology.

UNWTO’s take on jobs in Tourism

UNWTO believes that as tourism is labor intensive, it is a major source of employment. According to its data, one job in tourism sector creates one and a half additional jobs. This accounts to one in 10 jobs worldwide.

As accommodation and restaurants create jobs at the fastest rate among all sectors, developing tourism can aid in faster growth of the economy.

Tourism and SDG

Tourism is a major contributor of SDG – Sustainable Development Goals – 8, 12 and 14. They are as follows

  • SDG 8 – Decent work and Economic
  • SDG 12 – Responsible consumption and production
  • SDG 14 – Life below water

By 2030, the target is to devise and implement policies that promote tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture.

Tourism at G20

The G20 leaders recently at the 2019 Summit valued tourism as a major contributor to global economic growth and sustainable development. Agreements were signed to maximize tourism among the G20 countries.

India to contribute $22 mn to GFTAM for 2020-22

India has announced contribution of $22 million to Global Fund for AIDS, TB and Malaria (GFTAM) for 6th Replenishment Cycle (for year 2020-22). This is an increase of 10% over the amount contributed by India in 5th cycle.

Key Highlights

India stands firm to its long-standing partnership with Global Fund and its commitment to eliminate AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.

India’s pledge for the Global Fund demonstrates

  • Its strong political leadership and commitment to fight HIV/AIDS, TB and malaria and to achieve the universal health for all.
  • Its equally strong commitment to work across borders by joining hands in fighting epidemics of these three diseases.

India was the 1st implementing country to host a replenishment milestone of Global Fund. It has now become 1st among G20, BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) and implementer countries to announce the pledge for 6th Replenishment Conference, thus setting up a precedent for other donors to contribute generously for the global cause.

Financing efforts to accomplish India’s goals of elimination of TB, HIV and Malaria and has inched a step closer in this direction by with increasing pledge amount and stepping up Global Fund efforts to strengthen health systems and save 16 million more lives across the world.

Partnership between India and Global Fund

India shares a sustained partnership with Global Fund since 2002 both as recipient and as a donor.

With investment of nearly $2 billion so far, Global Fund support has made significant contribution in attaining India’s targets related to HIV/AIDS, TB and Malaria reduction as well as escalating country’s fight against these three diseases.

In current funding cycle (2018-21), the Global Fund has allocated $500 million to India. As a donor, India has contributed $46.5 million so far till 2019 including US$ 20 million for 5th Replenishment Cycle.

Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (the Global Fund)

The international organization commenced its operations in January 2002 and maintains its secretariat in Geneva, Switzerland.

It is an international financing and partnership organization that aims to attract, leverage and invest additional resources to end epidemics of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis (TB) and malaria to support attainment of United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Global Fund is a financing mechanism rather than an implementing agency and is also the world’s largest financier of AIDS, TB, and malaria prevention, treatment, and care programs.