Swachh Rail-Swachh Bharat Current Affairs - 2019

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Swachh Rail Swachh Bharat 2019

The Swachh Rail Swachh Bharat is a cleanliness survey that is carried out by QCI – Quality Council of India. The council tool 720 Non – Suburban stations and Suburban Stations for the survey.

Findings of the survey

  • Jaipur was ranked first with a cleanliness score of 931.75 out of 1000
  • Jodhpur was ranked second with a score of 927.19
  • The other top cleanest cities include Durgapura, Jammu Tawi, Gandhinagar, Suratgarh, Vijayawada, Udaipur, Ajmer and Haridwar.
  • Southern Railways dropped five places. IT slipped to 7th position from 12th postion in 2018.
  • The North Western Railway zone was awarded the cleanest railway zone of 2019

During the survey the inspectors inspected the station premises for presence of different forms of waste such as stain, stagnant water, litter and excreta. They also observed the frequency of cleaning activities in the customer interface areas. The condition of uniform, equipment, protection gear of the cleaning staff were also considered in ranking the stations.

Barmer-Munawab, Pipad Road-Bilara rail routes declared as Green Corridors

The North Western Railway has declared the Barmer-Munawab and Pipad Road-Bilara rail routes in Rajasthan as Green Corridors.

With this total number of green corridors has increased to five. The 114-km-long Manamadurai– Rameswaram stretch of Southern Railway was India’s first ‘Green corridor’. Okha-Kanalus and Porbandar-Wasjaliya railway sections of Gujarat also have been declared green corridors.

What is green corridor?

The Green Corridor ensures zero toilet discharge on rail tracks as part of its commitment to clean environment under the ‘Swachh Rail-Swachh Bharat’ initiative. Trains in the section have been equipped with bio-toilets to ensure zero discharge of human waste on the rail tracks and preventing corrosion of the tracks. 

About Bio toilets
  • Indian Railway had developed the environment friendly ‘Bio-toilets’, in association with Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
  • Bio-toilets evacuate discharge into a biodigester tank, containing anaerobic bacteria, fitted underneath the train coach in a small space.
  • The bacteria convert human faecal matter into water and small amount of gases (including methane) by process of hydrolysis, acetogenesis, acidogenesis and methanogenesis.
  • Indian railways aims to install human waste discharge free bio-toilets in all its coaches as part of the Swachh Bharat Mission by September 2019.