Ujjain Current Affairs - 2019

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Swachh Survekshan Awards 2019

Swachh Survekshan Awards are given by the Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs based on the survey which covered all urban local bodies in the country. The Survey was the largest such cleanliness survey in the world.

Swachh Survekshan Awards 2019

  • Indore was adjudged India’s cleanest city for the third straight year.
  • The second and third positions were clinched by Ambikapur in Chhattisgarh and Mysore in Karnataka.
  • Ahmedabad has been named the cleanest big city with a population of more than ten lakh.
  • Ujjain has been awarded cleanest medium city having a population between 3 lakh to 10 lakh.
  • New Delhi Municipal Council area was given the ”Cleanest Small City” award.
  • Uttarakhand’s Gauchar was adjudged the ”Best Ganga Town”.
  • Bhopal has been named the cleanest capital.
  • Raipur won the ‘Fastest Moving Big City’.
  • Mathura-Vrindavan won the tag of Fastest Moving Medium City.
  • Chhattisgarh has bagged the top spot in the category of best performing states. Jharkhand is at the second spot while Maharashtra is at the third.

The winners were awarded a statue of Mahatma Gandhi’s memento by the President Ram Nath Kovind.

Prayagraj Kumbha Mela 2019 makes it to the Guinness World Records

The Prayagraj Kumbh Mela 2019 has made into Guinness World Records in the following three sectors:

  • Largest traffic and crowd management plan.
  • Biggest painting exercise of public sites under paint my city scheme.
  • Biggest sanitation and waste disposal mechanism.

Kumbha Mela

Kumbh Mela, the festival of the sacred pitcher is the largest public gathering and collective act of faith, anywhere in the world. This Hindu pilgrimage Kumbh Mela is celebrated four times over a course of 12 years over four locations in India. The site of Kumbh Mela keeps rotating between one of the four pilgrimages on four sacred rivers as listed below:

  • Haridwar on the Ganges in Uttarakhand
  • Ujjain on the Shipra in Madhya Pradesh
  • Nashik on the Godavari in Maharashtra
  • Prayagraj at the confluence of the Ganges, the Yamuna, and the mythical Sarasvati in Uttar Pradesh.

The Kumbh Mela has been inscribed on the list of “Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity” by UNESCO in 2017.

Mythological Significance of Kumbh Mela

The origin of Kumbh Mela Can be traced to the works of the 8th-century philosopher Shankaracharya. The founding myth of the Kumbh Mela points out to the Puranas which recounts how Gods and demons fought over the sacred pitcher (Kumbh) of Amrit (nectar of immortality).

It is widely believed that Lord Vishnu disguised as the enchantress Mohini whisked the Kumbh out of the grasp of the demons who had tried to claim it. As he took it heavenwards, a few drops of the precious nectar fell on the four sacred sites of  Haridwar, Ujjain, Nashik and Prayag.

The flight and the following pursuit is said to have lasted twelve divine days which are equivalent to twelve human years. Therefore the Kumbh Mela is celebrated every twelve years staggered at each of the four sacred sites in this cycle.