United Nations General Assembly Current Affairs - 2019

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12 August: International Youth Day

The International Youth Day is observed every year across world on 12 August to bring youth issues to attention of international community and celebrate the potential of youth as partners in today’s global society.

The day draws attention to given set of cultural and legal issues surrounding youth and also seeks to highlight role played by young women and men as essential partners in change and provide opportunity to raise awareness about challenges and problems being faced by world’s youth.

International Youth Day 2019

Theme for this year is ‘Transforming education’. It seeks to highlight efforts to make education more accessible and inclusive for all youth, including efforts by youth themselves. It supports Goal 4 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (SDG) i.e. to ensure equitable quality and inclusive education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.

Background

International Youth Day (IYD) was proclaimed by United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) by adopting resolution 54/120 in December 1999. It was instituted by UNGA based on the recommendation of World Conference of Ministers Responsible for Youth held in Lisbon (Portugal) from 8 to 12 August 1998. This day was observed for first time on 12 August, 2000.

15 July: World Youth Skills Day

The World Youth Skills Day is observed every year on 15 July across the world. UNESCO’s theme for WYSD 2019 is- Learning to learn for life and work.

The day 15 July 2019 also marks 4th anniversary of National Skill Development Mission also known as Skill India Mission which was launched on 15 July in 2015. At present about 1 crore youth are being imparted skills training annually under Skill India Mission.

About World Youth Skills Day

Background: On 18 December 2014, United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) by consensus adopted, a resolution lead by Sri Lanka, and declared 15th July as World Youth Skills Day. Sri Lanka initiated this resolution, with assistance of G77 (Group of 77 Countries) & China, to highlight at global level, the importance of youth skills development.

Objective: To achieve better socio-economic conditions for today’s youth that would act as a means of addressing challenges of unemployment and under employment.

Organised by: The World Youth Skills Day is traditionally organized by Permanent Missions of Portugal and Sri Lanka, together with UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization), ILO (International Labour Organisation) and Office of Secretary-General’s Envoy on Youth.

Importance: WYSD is important because in today’s world rising youth unemployment is seen as one of the most significant problems facing economies and societies, for developed and developing countries alike.

Way Ahead: Nearly 73 million youth are currently unemployed, with 40 million joining labour market every year. To tackle this humongous unemployment problem, at least 475 million new jobs need to be created over next decade.