United Nations Current Affairs - 2019

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October 11: International Day of Girl Child

Every year, October 11 is commemorated as International Day of Girl Child by the United Nations. The day is important as it raises awareness of issues faced by girls internationally. The major problems faced by girls includes forced child marriage, legal rights, medical rights, education, nutrition.

Theme: Girl force – Unscripted and unstoppable

Background

The day is being observed all over the world since October 11, 2012. The proposal for the day was initiated by Canada.

In 1995, at the fourth World Conference of Women in Beijing, around 30,000 women and men from 200 countries determined to recognize the rights of women and girls as human rights. The movement has expanded today supporting adolescent girls, tackling issues like child marriage, gender-based inequality, gender-based violence and girls rights to enter places of worship during menstruation. Girls are proving they are unscripted and unstoppable!

History

The day began as a project called “Plan International” by a Canada based NGO that operated worldwide. The campaign of the NGO, “Because I am a Girl” raised awareness about the importance of nurturing girls globally.

WHO – India Country Cooperation Strategy 2019 – 2023

The Country Cooperation Strategy (CCS) is a document of WHO that guides countries for a medium term. The cooperation supports the country’s national health policy, plan and strategy. The strategy generally identifies the country needs, gaps and required areas of strategic collaboration.

CCS for India 2019

The CCS for India is to achieve its health sector goals. It intends to bring about transformative change in the health sector by improving health of the people in the country. The Union Minister launched the WHO – India CCS for the years 2019 to 2023.

Strategy

The strategy is basically built on India’s National Health Policy 2017 and Ayushman Bharat mission. The strategies have been identified in 4 areas of cooperation namely

  • Accelerating the progress of UHC
  • Identifying health determinants and promoting health and wellness by improving the determinants
  • Providing better health emergency services to protect the population
  • Enhancing India’s global leadership in health.

Other initiatives of India

For the past 5 years, India has been stressing the need to adopt healthy lifestyle. This has been done through mass yoga programs, Fit India movement, Eat right India movement, Poshan Abhiyan, etc. As compared to the schemes in the past that focused on providing sufficient food, recently the government is focusing on healthy food and diet. Various awareness campaigns are conducted to spread the importance of nutritious diet. Through Clean India Mission, the government intended to keep the disease causing germs away.