Water Conservation Current Affairs - 2019
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Gujarat topped in 2017-18 in the Composite Water Management Index (CWMI 2.0) report released by NITI Aayog. CWMI 2.0 ranked 25 States and 2 UTs for the reference year 2017-18 as against base year 2016-17. On an average, 80% of states assessed on CWMI 2.0 over e last three years have improved their water management scores, with average improvement of +5.2 points.
About Composite Water Management Index (CWMI)
It was launched by NITI Aayog in 2018 as an important tool to assess and improve the performance of States/ UTs in efficient management of water resources. It seeks to instill sense of cooperative and competitive federalism among the states. It is first ever attempt at of creating pan-India set of metrics that measured different dimensions of water management and use across the lifecycle of water.
It ranks states/UTs based on water data collection exercise conducted by NITI Aayog in partnership with Union Ministry of Jal Shakti, Union Ministry of Rural Development and all States/UTs.
Ranking of states/UTs is based on key 9 themes which are further subdivided into 28 indicators. The nine themes are-
(i) Source augmentation and restoration of waterbodies (weightage:5%)
(ii) Groudwater augmentation (15%)
(iii) Major and medium irragation-supply side management (15%)
(iv) Watershed development-Supply side management (10%)
(v) Participatory Irrigation practices- Demand Side Management (10%).
(vi) Sustaiable on-farm water use practices- Demand side management (10%).
(vii) Rural drinking water (10%).
(viii) Urban water supply and sanitation (10%) and Policy and Goverance (15%).
CWMI 2.0 Rankings
Gujarat was ranked first in the reference year (2017-18), followed by Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Goa, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
In North Eastern and Himalayan States: Himachal Pradesh was adjudged number 1 in 2017-18 followed by Uttarakhand, Tripura and Assam.
Union Territories: They have for first time submitted their data. Puducherry was declared as the top ranker.
Incremental change in index (over 2016-17 level): Haryana holds number one position in general States and Uttarakhand ranks at first position amongst North Eastern and Himalayan States.
Tags: Composite Water Management Index • CWMI 2.0 report • efficient management • Gujarat • Niti Aayog
Union Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) launched Samagra Shiksha-Jal Suraksha drive to create awareness about Water Conservation among all school students in the country. This mega drive is inspired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s impetus to Jal Sanchay as part of Jal Shakti Abhiyan (JSA).
About Samagra Shiksha-Jal Suraksha drive
It is a time bound campaign with a mission mode approach aimed at promoting water conservation activities for School Students.
It seeks to make students competent, conscientious and committed water citizens of nation by making water conservation essential for students so that they can understand importance of water and enabling them to participate in water conservation activities in their day to day lives
Implementing Agency: Department of School Education & Literacy, MHRD.
Five Major Objectives:
(i) Educate students learn about conservation of water
(ii) Sensitize Students about impact of scarcity of water
(iii) Empower Students to learn to protect natural sources of water
(iv) Help every Student to save at least 1 litre of water per day
(v) Encourage Students towards judicious use and minimum wastage of water at home and school level.
(i) One Student-One Day-Save One Litre Water.
(ii) One Student-One Year- Save 365 Litres Water
(iii) One Student-10 Years-Save 3650 Litres Water